Captive Insurance Company

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Captive Insurance Company'

A company that provides risk-mitigation services for its parent company. A captive insurance company may be formed if the parent company is unable to find an outside firm to insure against a particular business risk; if the parent company determines that the premiums it pays to the captive insurance company are sufficiently deductible; or that the insurance the captive insurance company provides is more affordable or offers better coverage.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Captive Insurance Company'

Whether the parent company will be able to see a tax break from the creation of a captive insurance company depends on the classification of insurance company transactions. The IRS requires risk distribution and risk shifting to be present in order for a transaction to be considered "insurance".


While there are financial benefits to creating a separate entity to provide insurance services, parent companies must also weigh the personnel cost of a captive insurance company. Some types of risk that the captive company might insure against could result in larger expenses than the parent company can afford, and can lead to bankruptcy. Larger private insurers are less likely to be bankrupted by a single event because of a diversified pool of risk.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Business Insurance

    Insurance coverage that protects businesses from losses due to ...
  2. Business Interruption Insurance

    A form of insurance coverage that replaces business income lost ...
  3. Premium

    1. The total cost of an option. 2. The difference between the ...
  4. Liability

    A company's legal debts or obligations that arise during the ...
  5. Captive Finance Company

    A subsidiary whose purpose is to provide financing to customers ...
  6. Safe Harbor

    1. A legal provision to reduce or eliminate liability as long ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What kinds of costs are included in Free on Board (FOB) shipping?

    Free on board (FOB) shipping is a trade term published by the International Chamber of Commerce or ICC, that indicates which ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What do insurance companies qualify as hazardous activity?

    An insurance company defines a hazardous activity essentially as any type of undertaking with a high level of risk of injury ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What financial ratios are most useful for an investor to evaluate the liquidity of ...

    An insurance company, like any other nonfinancial company, needs access to liquidity in case it needs to fulfill its debt ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What economic indicators are important to monitor when investing in the insurance ...

    Inflation and interest rates are the best economic indicators to monitor when investing in the insurance sector. Unlike with ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why do some companies in the insurance sector engage in reinsurance?

    Some companies in the insurance sector engage in reinsurance because they want to reduce risk. Reinsurance is basically insurance ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why is the insurance sector considered a low-risk investment?

    Historically, the insurance sector has enjoyed modest returns and perceived safety. It's been a favorite for investors who ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Can I Get Life Insurance?

    Find out what you can do to get the coverage you need for the right price.
  2. Home & Auto

    Exploring Advanced Insurance Contract Fundamentals

    Understanding your contract can help you protect our family's financial security.
  3. Insurance

    Event-Linked Bonds: Competing Against A Catastrophe

    These debt instruments can blow new wind into your portfolio, but only if you can handle the risk.
  4. Home & Auto

    When Things Go Awry, Insurers Get Reinsured

    Guru Warren Buffett is making this sector popular. Learn more here.
  5. Insurance

    Who Needs Extortion Insurance?

    Insurance can help mitigate the financial damage of an extortion plot, but it’s important to read the fine print before taking out one of these policies.
  6. Insurance

    Indexed Universal Life Insurance: The Pros & Cons

    What you need to know, to see if these vehicles fit into your financial plan.
  7. Insurance

    Do You Need Kidnap & Ransom Insurance?

    Americans working abroad – and high-profile individuals traveling frequently in kidnapping hot spots – should consider this type of protection.
  8. Insurance

    A Guide To Kidnap & Ransom Insurance

    Every year, thousands of people are kidnapped for ransom all over the world. This insurance offers protection – and peace of mind.
  9. Economics

    What Happens in a Carve-Out?

    A carve-out happens when a corporation isolates part of its business and shares those profits with a third party.
  10. Insurance

    Should I Insure My Wedding Ring?

    It depends, in part, on the ring's value and your current insurance coverage. Here's a guide to making a decision that's right for you.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  2. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
  3. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  4. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  5. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  6. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!