DEFINITION of 'Cedent'
A party to an insurance contract who passes financial obligation for certain potential losses to the insurer. In return for bearing a particular risk of loss, the cedent pays an insurance premium. The term cedent is most often used in the reinsurance industry, although the term could apply to any insured party.
BREAKING DOWN 'Cedent'
Insurance companies are regulated so that they may not write policies in excess of a certain percentage of their collateral. However, insurance companies do not have to hold collateral against policies that are reinsured. Most insurance companies employ some sort of reinsurance program in order to more efficiently manage their operations.