CFA Franc

AAA

DEFINITION of 'CFA Franc'

One of two African regional currencies backed by the French treasury, and pegged to the euro. CFA franc can refer to two either the Central African CFA franc or the West African CFA franc. Although they are separate currencies, the two are effectively interchangeable as they have the same monetary value against other currencies. However, they could theoretically have different values if France decides it.


"CFA" has had a few meanings over the years. Between 1945 and 1958 CFA stood for "colonies françaises d'Afrique", referring to former African colonies of France. Between 1958 and the independence of the nations using the CFA in the early 1960s stood for "communauté françaises d'Afrique" (French Community of Africa). Finally after independence and to this day it stands for "Communauté financière d'Afrique" (African Financial Community).

BREAKING DOWN 'CFA Franc'

The CFA franc was created in 1945 following the end of the Second World War. Previously, French colonies had their currencies pegged to the French franc, but the Bretton Woods Agreement ratified in 1945 had the French franc pegged to the dollar, devaluing the French Franc. By creating a new currency, the CFA Franc, France was able to avoid devaluating currencies in its colonies.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Bosnia-Herzegovina Convertible ...

    The currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosnia-Herzegovina ...
  2. Currency

    A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper ...
  3. Central Bank

    The entity responsible for overseeing the monetary system for ...
  4. Fixed Exchange Rate

    A country's exchange rate regime under which the government or ...
  5. Pegging

    1. A method of stabilizing a country's currency by fixing its ...
  6. Bretton Woods Agreement

    A landmark system for monetary and exchange rate management established ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Forex Education

    The Pros And Cons Of A Pegged Exchange Rate

    A pegged currency can give a country many advantages, but these advantages come at a price.
  3. Forex Education

    Dual And Multiple Exchange Rates 101

    Why would a country choose to implement dual or multiple exchange rates? It's risky, but it can work.
  4. Forex Education

    China's Devaluation of the Yuan

    Just over one week ago the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) surprised markets with three consecutive devaluations of the yuan, knocking over 3% off its value.
  5. Savings

    How Volatile Exchange Rates Affect Your Vacation

    Those ever-changing fluctuations can make a difference in anything from your hotel room to an ATM transaction.
  6. Forex Education

    These Are The Best Hours To Trade the British Pound

    The best times to trade the British pound are centered around economic releases at 1:30 am, 2:00 am, 8:30 am and 10:00 am U.S. ET.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: ProShares UltraShort Yen

    Learn about the ProShares UltraShort Yen, an inverse-leveraged exchange-traded fund based on the value of Japanese yen in U.S. dollars.
  8. Savings

    Best Places to Exchange Currency in Boston

    Since the nation’s first colonial currency was established in Revolutionary War-era Boston, the city’s currency exchange situation has come a long way.
  9. Markets

    How to Use Blockchain to Buy and Sell Gold

    Most people still haven't heard of the term "blockchain," but chances are you will soon. A blockchain is a tamper-proof, distributed electronic ledger that exists across a decentralized network. ...
  10. Economics

    Is the Yuan a Yawn or a Nightmare for Investors?

    China’s decision to change the method of setting its currency exchange rate caused global shock waves last week.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How is a block chain network useful for trading goods and assets in virtual currencies?

    Perhaps the most famous quote associated with blockchain technology came from an anonymous virtual currency user, who described ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What types of companies benefit from reporting results utilizing constant currencies ...

    Any company that does a substantial amount of business in foreign countries, and is therefore subject to foreign currency ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are key benefits to a country that has engaged in a policy of currency depreciation?

    In the modern world, most currencies represent fiat money not backed by any commodity or precious metal and whose value is ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a block chain prevent double-spending of Bitcoins?

    Double-spending – the incidence of one individual successfully spending a Bitcoin balance more than once – is a major concern ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between barter and currency systems?

    The primary difference between barter and currency systems is that a currency system uses an agreed-upon form of paper or ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is a forward contract against an export?

    A forward contract against an export is an agreement between the importer and exporter to exchange a specified amount of ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  2. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  3. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  4. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  5. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  6. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!