DEFINITION of 'CFP Franc - XPF'

The currency of four French overseas collectivities that include French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna. The CFP franc is issued by the Paris-based Institut d'émission d'Outre-Mer (IEOM), and can also be referred to as the franc pacifique since it is used in the Pacific Ocean region. The franc is broken into subunits called centimes.


CFP stands for Comptoirs Français du Pacifique ("French Pacific Banking Agreement").

BREAKING DOWN 'CFP Franc - XPF'

Along with the CFA franc, the CFP franc was introduced following the second world war as a means of combating the weak French franc and the possibility of currency devaluation once the franc was pegged to the dollar. After France changed its currency to the euro, the CFP franc became pegged to the euro. It's normally called the franc in everyday use.

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