CFP Franc - XPF



The currency of four French overseas collectivities that include French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna. The CFP franc is issued by the Paris-based Institut d'émission d'Outre-Mer (IEOM), and can also be referred to as the franc pacifique since it is used in the Pacific Ocean region. The franc is broken into subunits called centimes.

CFP stands for Comptoirs Français du Pacifique ("French Pacific Banking Agreement").


Along with the CFA franc, the CFP franc was introduced following the second world war as a means of combating the weak French franc and the possibility of currency devaluation once the franc was pegged to the dollar. After France changed its currency to the euro, the CFP franc became pegged to the euro. It's normally called the franc in everyday use.

  1. Deutschmark

    The official currency of Germany until Germany's adoption of ...
  2. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
  3. CHF (Swiss Franc)

    The currency abbreviation for the Swiss franc (CHF), the currency ...
  4. Euro

    The official currency of the European Union's (EU) member states. ...
  5. XCD (Eastern Caribbean Dollar)

    The currency abbreviation or the currency symbol for the Eastern ...
  6. Transfer Risk

    The risk that a local currency cannot be converted into the currency ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    An Evaluation Of Emerging Markets

    Get the full story on this asset class before you write it off as too risky.
  3. Forex Education

    The Pros And Cons Of A Pegged Exchange Rate

    A pegged currency can give a country many advantages, but these advantages come at a price.
  4. Forex Education

    The New World Of Emerging Market Currencies

    Take advantage of foreign currency markets without stepping out of your house.
  5. Economics

    What Is An Emerging Market Economy?

    Emerging markets provide new investment opportunities, but there are risks - both to residents and foreign investors.
  6. Economics

    Why the Euro Failed to Become the World's Reserve Currency

    Examine the current state of the U.S. dollar as the world's reserve currency; learn the major reasons why the euro has failed to replace it in that capacity.
  7. Investing Basics

    Top Tips for Diversifying with Exotic Currencies

    Is there an opportunity in exotic currencies right now, or are you safer sticking to the major ones?
  8. Forex Education

    The Most Famous Forex Traders Of All Time

    The five most famous forex traders share common virtues such as strong self-confidence.
  9. Forex Fundamentals

    Buying Yuans as a Long-Term Investment: Risks and Rewards

    Examine the current state of the Chinese currency, the renminbi/yuan, and learn whether it is considered a good long-term investment.
  10. Stock Analysis

    The Biggest Risks of Investing in Caterpillar Stock

    Learn about the primary risks faced by Caterpillar's investors. Discover why global macroeconomic cycles and currency fluctuations are important risk factors.
  1. Who decides when to print money in India?

    The Reserve Bank of India, or RBI, manages currency in India. The bank's additional responsibilities include regulating the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How is a block chain network useful for trading goods and assets in virtual currencies?

    Perhaps the most famous quote associated with blockchain technology came from an anonymous virtual currency user, who described ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What types of companies benefit from reporting results utilizing constant currencies ...

    Any company that does a substantial amount of business in foreign countries, and is therefore subject to foreign currency ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are key benefits to a country that has engaged in a policy of currency depreciation?

    In the modern world, most currencies represent fiat money not backed by any commodity or precious metal and whose value is ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does a block chain prevent double-spending of Bitcoins?

    Double-spending – the incidence of one individual successfully spending a Bitcoin balance more than once – is a major concern ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between barter and currency systems?

    The primary difference between barter and currency systems is that a currency system uses an agreed-upon form of paper or ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  2. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  3. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  4. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  5. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  6. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!