Calculated Intangible Value - CIV

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Calculated Intangible Value - CIV'

A method of valuing a company's intangible assets. This calculation attempts to allocate a fixed value to intangible assets that does not change according to the company's market value. Examples of intangible assets include brand equity and proprietary technology.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Calculated Intangible Value - CIV'

Usually a company's intangible assets are valued by subtracting a firm's book value from its market value. However, opponents of this method argue that because market value constantly changes, the value of intangible assets changes also, making it an inferior measure. Finding a company's CIV involves seven steps:

1. Calculate the average pretax earnings for the past three years.
2. Calculate the average year-end tangible assets for the past three years.
3. Calculate the company's return on assets (ROA).
4. Calculate the industry average ROA for the same three-year period as in Step 2.
5. Calculate excess ROA by multiplying the industry average ROA by the average tangible assets calculated in Step 2. Subtract the excess return from the pretax earnings from Step 1.
6. Calculate the three-year average corporate tax rate and multiply by the excess return. Deduct the result from the excess return.
7. Calculate the net present value of the after-tax excess return. Use the company's cost of capital as a discount rate.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value ...
  2. Nonmonetary Assets

    Assets in which the right to receive a fixed or determinable ...
  3. Book Value

    1. The value at which an asset is carried on a balance sheet. ...
  4. Brand Equity

    The value premium that a company realizes from a product with ...
  5. Return On Assets - ROA

    An indicator of how profitable a company is relative to its total ...
  6. Proprietary Technology

    A process, tool, system or similar item that is the property ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

    The P/B ratio can be an easy way to determine a company's value, but it isn't magic!
  2. Personal Finance

    Can You Count On Goodwill?

    Carefully examine goodwill and its sources before considering the value of your investment.
  3. Budgeting

    Use ROA To Gauge A Company's Profits

    Do you rely too heavily on ROE? Consider using return on assets for a more complete picture.
  4. Markets

    Intangible Assets Provide Real Value To Stocks

    Intangible assets don't appear on balance sheets, but they're crucial to judging a company's value.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between a capital gearing ratio and a net gearing ratio?

    Understand the definition of gearing in the finance industry, the difference between net gearing and capital gearing ratios and how they are interpreted.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and DSCR?

    Understand the basics of the interest coverage ratio and the debt-service coverage ratio, including calculations and how each type reflects financial stability.
  7. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and TIE?

    Read about the times interest earned, also known as the interest coverage ratio. Find out why this is an important ratio for investors and creditors.
  8. Investing Basics

    What is accrual accounting used for in finance?

    Read about the accrual method of accounting, its uses and rules, and why it is considered so important for investors, lenders and managers.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    When does a business report gross margins?

    Learn how gross margins are calculated and when publicly traded companies release these figures. Explore consensus street estimates.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between a P&L statement and a balance sheet?

    Take a deeper look at the differences between the profit and loss statement and the balance sheet, two of the most important financial accounting documents.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  2. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  3. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  4. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  5. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
  6. Law Of Supply And Demand

    A theory explaining the interaction between the supply of a resource and the demand for that resource. The law of supply ...
Trading Center