Civil Damages

DEFINITION of 'Civil Damages'

Civil damages are usually monetary awards due to a winning plaintiff by a losing defendant in a court of law. Civil damages can be general, punitive or special, or any combination of these.

BREAKING DOWN 'Civil Damages'

General damages include payment for non-quantitative damages such as pain and suffering. Punitive damages include payment for damages caused by gross negligence of a defendant. Special damages include compensation for expenses such as medical bills, legal costs, loss of income and costs associated with repairing or replacing damaged property.