Civil Damages


DEFINITION of 'Civil Damages'

Civil damages are usually monetary awards due to a winning plaintiff by a losing defendant in a court of law. Civil damages can be general, punitive or special, or any combination of these.

BREAKING DOWN 'Civil Damages'

General damages include payment for non-quantitative damages such as pain and suffering. Punitive damages include payment for damages caused by gross negligence of a defendant. Special damages include compensation for expenses such as medical bills, legal costs, loss of income and costs associated with repairing or replacing damaged property.

  1. Tort Law

    The area of law that covers the majority of all civil lawsuits. ...
  2. Compensatory Damages

    Money awarded to a plaintiff to compensate for damages, injury, ...
  3. Collateral Source Rule

    A common law rule of evidence pertaining to punitive or other ...
  4. Secondary Liability

    A type of legal obligation where one party assumes legal responsibility ...
  5. Common Law

    In the United States, a body of unwritten laws based on precedents ...
  6. Punitive Damages

    Legal recompense that is levied as punishment for a wrong or ...
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