The end of a trading session in financial markets. "Close" refers to market close, or the end of the day's trading. It can also refer to the process of exiting a trade. It also often refers to the final procedure in a financial transaction in which contract documents are signed and recorded.


The close of the New York Stock Exchange, which is marked by ringing a bell, is perhaps the most visible example of a market close.

Security prices at market close, or closing prices, are more important than intra-day prices for performance measurement. For example, the price performance of all securities on an equity index over the past year would be based on prices at today's close, compared with prices at close a year ago.

Since closing prices are widely followed and disseminated, they may occasionally be subject to manipulation by fraudsters, especially for micro-cap stocks with limited liquidity. This prohibited practice is called "high close."

  1. Opening Cross

    A method used by the Nasdaq to determine the opening price for ...
  2. At-The-Close Order

    An order specifying that a trade is to be executed at the close ...
  3. Open

    1. An unexecuted order that is still valid. An open order is ...
  4. Closing Bell

    A bell that rings to signify the end of a trading session. The ...
  5. High Close

    A tactic used by stock manipulators; they make small trades at ...
  6. After The Bell

    A phrase used to describe news, earnings reports and other activities ...
Related Articles
  1. Stock Analysis

    Sarepta Therapeutics Made Investors Millionaires in 2 Years

    Find out how Sarepta Therapeutics made investors millionaires with its drug Eteplirsen and financially and operationally smart decisions.
  2. Options & Futures

    Getting To Know The Stock Exchanges

    Here are the answers to all the questions you have about stock exchanges but are too afraid to ask!
  3. Personal Finance

    To Rent Or Buy? There's More To It Than Money

    Your lifestyle, level of commitment and the trade-offs need to be carefully weighed.
  4. Home & Auto

    To Rent Or Buy? The Financial Issues

    Thinking of buying a home? We look at the initial and ongoing costs, as well as the so-called benefits.
  5. Options & Futures

    Maximize Profits With Volatility Stops

    Find out which type of volatility stop fits your trading objectives.
  6. Options & Futures

    Employee Stock Options (ESO)

    Employee stock options are a form of equity compensation granted by companies to their employees and executives.
  7. Technical Indicators

    Using Pivot Points For Predictions

    Learn one of the most common methods of finding support and resistance levels.
  8. Active Trading

    10 Steps To Building A Winning Trading Plan

    It's impossible to avoid disaster without trading rules - make sure you know how to devise them for yourself.
  9. Options & Futures

    Terrorism's Effects on Wall Street

    Terrorist activity tends to have a negative impact on the markets, but just how much? Find out how to take cover.
  10. Investing Basics

    Should You Get A Six Sigma Black Belt? Average Salary: 98K

    Interested in the Six Sigma Black Belt but unsure whether you need one? Here's a guide to it and how it differs from other belts.
  1. How do I calculate the adjusted closing price for a stock?

    When trading is done for the day on a recognized exchange, all stocks are priced at close. The price that is quoted at the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why don't stocks begin trading at the previous day's closing price?

    Most stock exchanges work according to the forces of supply and demand, which determine the prices at which stocks are bought ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do working capital funds expire?

    While working capital funds do not expire, the working capital figure does change over time. This is because it is calculated ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does working capital include inventory?

    A company's working capital includes inventory, and increases in inventory make working capital increase. Working capital ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of listing on the Nasdaq versus other stock ...

    The primary advantages for a company of listing on the Nasdaq exchange are lower listing fees and lower minimum requirements ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I calculate funds from operation in Excel?

    In general, the terms "work in progress" and "work in process" are used interchangeably to refer to products midway through ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bar Chart

    A style of chart used by some technical analysts, on which, as illustrated below, the top of the vertical line indicates ...
  2. Bullish Engulfing Pattern

    A chart pattern that forms when a small black candlestick is followed by a large white candlestick that completely eclipses ...
  3. Cyber Monday

    An expression used in online retailing to describe the Monday following U.S. Thanksgiving weekend. Cyber Monday is generally ...
  4. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  5. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
Trading Center