Close

DEFINITION of 'Close'

The end of a trading session in financial markets. "Close" refers to market close, or the end of the day's trading. It can also refer to the process of exiting a trade. It also often refers to the final procedure in a financial transaction in which contract documents are signed and recorded.

BREAKING DOWN 'Close'

The close of the New York Stock Exchange, which is marked by ringing a bell, is perhaps the most visible example of a market close.


Security prices at market close, or closing prices, are more important than intra-day prices for performance measurement. For example, the price performance of all securities on an equity index over the past year would be based on prices at today's close, compared with prices at close a year ago.


Since closing prices are widely followed and disseminated, they may occasionally be subject to manipulation by fraudsters, especially for micro-cap stocks with limited liquidity. This prohibited practice is called "high close."

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Does the closing price have to equal the last price traded?

    Logically and theoretically, the last price traded should be the same as the closing price of a stock. However, the way we ... Read Answer >>
  2. How do I calculate the adjusted closing price for a stock?

    When trading is done for the day on a recognized exchange, all stocks are priced at close. The price that is quoted at the ... Read Answer >>
  3. In the forex market, how is the closing price of a currency pair determined?

    The foreign exchange market, or forex, is the market in which the currencies of the world are traded by governments, banks, ... Read Answer >>
  4. What is the history behind the opening and closing bells on the NYSE?

    Similar to the school bells that most of us heard during our school days, the New York Stock Exchange's (NYSE) opening and ... Read Answer >>
  5. Do traders, market makers, specialists or others ever deliberately drive a stock's ...

    Many individual investors have had the experience of closing their position in a stock only to see the price rebound moments ... Read Answer >>
  6. What does "after the bell" mean?

    "After the bell" is financial slang for activity occurring after the close of the stock market, including after-hours trading, ... Read Answer >>
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