Collateralization

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Collateralization'

The act where a borrower pledges an asset as recourse to the lender in the event that the borrower defaults on the initial loan. Collateralization of assets gives lenders a sufficient level of reassurance against default risk, which allows loans to be issued to individuals/companies with less than optimal credit history/debt rating.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Collateralization'

Mortgage financing allows borrowers to hold title over their own home despite acquiring it via borrowed funds. However, in the terms of the mortgage, if the borrowers default on the mortgage payments, the lender has a right to sell the property to recoup the loan amount.

Businesses can use collateralization for debt offerings. Such bonds may go into details as to the specific asset, such as equipment and/or property that is being pledged for the repayment of the bond offering in the event of default. The increased level of security offered to a bondholder typically means that the coupon rate offered on the bond will be lower as well.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Coupon

    The interest rate stated on a bond when it's issued. The coupon ...
  2. Bond

    A debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity ...
  3. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  4. Credit Rating

    An assessment of the credit worthiness of a borrower in general ...
  5. Borrowing Base

    The amount of money a lender will loan to a company based on ...
  6. Debt Accordions

    A loan provision which allows the borrower to add additional ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between "closed end credit" and a "line of credit?"

    Depending on the need, an individual or business may take out a form of credit that is either open- or closed-ended. While ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. In what instances does a business use closed end credit?

    The most common types of closed-end credit used by both businesses and individuals are mortgages and auto loans. Businesses ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the long-term effects of delinquent accounts?

    Delinquency occurs when borrowers fail to make payments on their loans. All loan borrowers should do their best to avoid ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How much risk is associated with subprime mortgages?

    A large amount of risk is associated with subprime mortgages. Since the mortgages are specifically for people who do not ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the financial consequences of filing for bankruptcy?

    The financial consequences of filing for bankruptcy are substantial and can be long-lasting. They include impacts on your ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Investing In Securitized Products

    Securitized assets are customizable and have a wide range of yields, making them an attractive asset class.
  2. Home & Auto

    Equity Stripping Leaves Creditors Empty-Handed

    Add additional debt to your real estate assets to keep the creditors at bay.
  3. Options & Futures

    Saving Your Home From Foreclosure

    Learn the tactics you can use to prevent your home from being repossessed.
  4. Credit & Loans

    Mortgage Basics

    Learn how to navigate what may be your biggest and most important loan.
  5. Economics

    What is a Subprime Mortgage?

    Subprime mortgages are offered to borrowers with low credit ratings, usually 600 or below.
  6. Home & Auto

    Strategies To Buy The Perfect Vacation Home

    Ask yourself these six questions to make the right decision about a vacation property.
  7. Economics

    How Does a Lien Work?

    A lien gives a creditor the legal right to seize and sell property, then use the proceeds to pay off a borrower’s debt.
  8. Retirement

    Is Your Mortgage Robbing Your Retirement?

    If you picked the mortgage with the lowest possible monthly payment, you may be blowing what could be your retirement money on mortgage interest.
  9. Credit & Loans

    How Interest Rates Work On A Mortgage

    A step-by-step explanation of the interest calculations, mortgage types, and how the loan is eventually "retired" – which means paid off.
  10. Credit & Loans

    The Homebuyer's Guide To Jumbo Mortgages

    What they are – and what it takes to get one.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  2. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  3. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  4. Current Account Deficit

    A measurement of a country’s trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services ...
  5. International Monetary Fund - IMF

    An international organization created for the purpose of: 1. Promoting global monetary and exchange stability. 2. Facilitating ...
  6. Risk-Return Tradeoff

    The principle that potential return rises with an increase in risk. Low levels of uncertainty (low-risk) are associated with ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!