Commercial Loan


DEFINITION of 'Commercial Loan'

A debt-based funding arrangement that a business can set up with a financial institution. The proceeds of commercial loans may be used to fund large capital expenditures and/or operations that a business may otherwise be unable to afford.

BREAKING DOWN 'Commercial Loan'

Due to expensive upfront costs and regulation related hurdles, smaller businesses do not typically have direct access to the debt and equity markets for financing purposes. Therefore, they must rely on financial institutions to meet their financing needs.

Similar to consumer credit, businesses have a variety of lending products to choose from. A line of credit, term loans and unsecured loans are just a few examples. However, small businesses should shop around at different institutions to determine which lender offers the best terms for the loan.

  1. Equity Financing

    The act of raising money for company activities by selling common ...
  2. Commercial Investment

    An investment in a for-profit enterprise involved in the buying ...
  3. Unitary Thrift

    A company that controls a single savings-and-loan association. ...
  4. Consumer Credit

    A debt that someone incurs for the purpose of purchasing a good ...
  5. Debt Financing

    When a firm raises money for working capital or capital expenditures ...
  6. Line Of Credit - LOC

    An arrangement between a financial institution, usually a bank, ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Will Corporate Debt Drag Your Stock Down?

    Borrowed funds can mean a leg up for companies or the boot for investors. Find out how to tell the difference.
  2. Options & Futures

    Different Needs, Different Loans

    Find out what options are available when it comes to borrowing money.
  3. Active Trading Fundamentals

    How Does Fundera Work and Make Money?

    Learn more about Fundera, the online loan broker service agency, and discover what it offers and how it makes money through its service.
  4. Credit & Loans

    What's a Bridge Loan?

    A bridge loan is a loan that “bridges” a borrower over a temporary shortage in funds on hand.
  5. Credit & Loans

    What is a Syndicated Loan?

    A syndicated loan is one that involves a group of lenders (called the syndicate) who pool their lending resources to make a loan.
  6. Professionals

    What Does Corporate Finance Do?

    Corporate finance is the subset of finance that involves how corporations use leverage to fund their operations and capital purchases.
  7. Entrepreneurship

    Microfinance & Macrofinance: What's The Difference?

    What are the key differences between microfinance and macrofinance? Investopedia takes a look.
  8. Entrepreneurship

    How Microfinance and Investment Banking Compare

    Investment banks and microfinance institutions (MFIs) provide similar services, but the clients they serve and the incentives that motivate them are very different.
  9. Investing

    What is Debt Financing?

    When a company needs to pay for something, it can pay with cash, or it may finance the purchase. Financing means that it gets the money from other businesses or sources, in return for obligations. ...
  10. Entrepreneurship

    Mezzanine Financing

    Learn about this alternative method of financing companies use to finance expansion.
  1. Why is Average Collection Period important to a company?

    An average collection period shows the average number of days necessary to convert business receivables into cash. The degree ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why do companies issue debt and bonds? Can't they just borrow from the bank?

    Companies issue bonds to finance operations. Most companies can borrow from banks, but view direct borrowing from a bank ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What would happen to a company's external fund requirements if it reduces the payout ...

    In short, the stronger the company's internal cash flow, and in turn cash position, the less the need to draw on an external ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between investment banks and merchant banks?

    Merchant banks and investment banks, in their purest forms, are different kinds of financial institutions that perform different ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between asset-based lending and asset financing?

    In the most common usage, the terms "asset-based lending" and "asset financing" refer to the same thing. Asset-based lending ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  2. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  3. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  4. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  5. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  6. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
Trading Center