Commodity Swap

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DEFINITION of 'Commodity Swap'

A swap in which exchanged cash flows are dependent on the price of an underlying commodity. A commodity swap is usually used to hedge against the price of a commodity.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Commodity Swap'

The vast majority of commodity swaps involve oil. So, for example, a company that uses a lot of oil might use a commodity swap to secure a maximum price for oil. In return, the company receives payments based on the market price (usually an oil price index).

On the other side, if a producer of oil wishes to fix its income, it would agree to pay the market price to a financial institution in return for receiving fixed payments for the commodity.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What would motivate an entity to enter into a swap agreement?

    The main purpose of swap agreements is to swap cash flows between counterparties for a certain market or asset. Generally, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How are commodity spot prices different than futures prices?

    Commodity spot prices and futures prices are different quotes for different types of contracts. The spot price is the current ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do commodity spot prices indicate future price movements?

    Commodity spot prices indicate future price movements because commodity futures prices are calculated using spot prices. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Where did market to market (MTM) accounting come from?

    Mark to market accounting has been around in concept since the stock market began; however, it was not officially part of ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why is market to market (MTM) accounting considered controversial?

    Mark to market accounting has been an integral component of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Should you calculate Value at Risk (VaR) for counterparty credit risk?

    Value at risk (VaR) calculations may be helpful for risk management when trading credit default swaps and other derivatives ... Read Full Answer >>
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