Common Pool Resource - CPR

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Common Pool Resource - CPR'

A resource that benefits a group of people, but which provides diminished benefits to everyone if each individual pursues his or her own self interest. The value of a common-pool resource can be reduced through overuse because the supply of the resource is not unlimited, and using more than can be replenished can result in scarcity. Overuse of a common pool resource can lead to the tragedy of the commons problem.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Common Pool Resource - CPR'

Common-pool resources, such as forests, are often managed by a combination of governments and markets. This can be done by only allowing a certain amount of the resource to be over a period of time, allowing for a core section of the resource to remain intact.


For example, a fishery can sustainably yield 100,000 pounds of fish annually, and the market price of a pound of fish is $4. Ten companies agree to harvest 10,000 each. In the absence of regulation, each company would harvest more than its allotted quota in order to sell more fish at $4 a pound. If each company over harvests by 1,000 pounds the fishery will over harvested by 10,000 pounds, and will not be able to produce the same level next year.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s ...
  2. John F. Nash Jr.

    An American mathematician who won the 1994 Nobel Memorial Prize ...
  3. Pareto Efficiency

    An economic state where resources are allocated in the most efficient ...
  4. Tragedy Of The Commons

    An economic problem in which every individual tries to reap the ...
  5. Nash Equilibrium

    A concept of game theory where the optimal outcome of a game ...
  6. Game Theory

    A model of optimality taking into consideration not only benefits ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the relationship between research and development and innovation?

    Although it's possible to achieve innovation without research and development and it's possible to conduct research and development ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How is minimum transfer price calculated?

    A company that transfers goods between multiple divisions needs to establish a transfer price so that each division can track ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does neoclassical economics relate to neoliberalism?

    While it may be likely that many neoliberal thinkers endorse the use of (or even emphasize) neoclassical economics, the two ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are common concepts and techniques of managerial accounting?

    The common concepts and techniques of managerial accounting are all the concepts and techniques that surround planning and ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How is abatement cost accounted for on financial statements?

    Abatement costs are accounted for on a company's financial statements through increases in either cost of goods sold or operational ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. According to the neoclassical growth theory, what factors influence the growth of ...

    The neoclassical growth theory builds five major variables into its time-sensitive production formula. The first is total ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers laid our financial foundations.
  2. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  3. Options & Futures

    Game Theory: Beyond The Basics

    Take your game theory knowledge to the next level by learning about simultaneous games and the Nash Equilibrium.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    The Basics Of Game Theory

    Break down and examine the potential consequences of economic/financial scenarios.
  5. Economics

    Understanding Limited Liability

    Limited liability is a legal concept that protects equity owners from personal losses due to their ownership interest in the company.
  6. Economics

    Calculating Income Elasticity of Demand

    Income elasticity of demand is a measure of how consumer demand changes when income changes.
  7. Economics

    Understanding Implicit Costs

    An implicit cost is any cost associated with not taking a certain action.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Empirical Rule

    The empirical rule provides a quick estimate of the spread of data in a normal statistical distribution.
  9. Economics

    Understanding Diseconomies of Scale

    Diseconomies of scale is the point where a business no longer experiences decreasing costs per unit of output.
  10. Economics

    Explaining Demographics

    Demographics is the study and categorization of people based on factors such as income level, education, gender, race, age, and employment.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  2. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  3. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  4. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  5. Current Account Deficit

    A measurement of a country’s trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services ...
  6. International Monetary Fund - IMF

    An international organization created for the purpose of: 1. Promoting global monetary and exchange stability. 2. Facilitating ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!