Common Pool


DEFINITION of 'Common Pool'

A resource or asset that is jointly managed or accessed by a group rather than by an individual. Something that is considered to be part of a common pool is exploited by a group as a whole, but with the benefit passing to the individual and the cost spreading across the group. An asset considered to be common pool can be public, such as a river or forest, or private, such as money raised by a group to purchase an investment.


Assets and resources considered to be part of a common pool present a complicated problem. Members of the group benefit from the resource individually but bear costs collectively. A common pool resource, such as a river, may be used both to cool a manufacturing plant and by cities for drinking water. Both the manufacturing plant and the city benefits from the river jointly, but if the plant dumps pollution into the river it cannot be used by the city for drinking water. Common pool items are typically regulated in order to reduce the possibility of a tragedy of the commons situation.

  1. Public Good

    A product that one individual can consume without reducing its ...
  2. Tragedy Of The Commons

    An economic problem in which every individual tries to reap the ...
  3. Common Resource

    A resource, such as water or pasture, that provides users with ...
  4. Blind Pool

    A limited partnership or stock offering with no stated investment ...
  5. Mortgage Pool

    A group of mortgages held in trust as collateral for the issuance ...
  6. Free Rider Problem

    1. In economics, the free rider problem refers to a situation ...
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    5 Economic Concepts Consumers Need To Know

    A solid understanding of economics helps build a strong foundation in almost every area of life.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    The Difference Between Finance And Economics

    Learn the differences between these closely related disciplines and how they inform and influence each other.
  3. Options & Futures

    Game Theory: Beyond The Basics

    Take your game theory knowledge to the next level by learning about simultaneous games and the Nash Equilibrium.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    The Basics Of Game Theory

    Break down and examine the potential consequences of economic/financial scenarios.
  5. Investing Basics

    Should You Get A Six Sigma Black Belt? Average Salary: 98K

    Interested in the Six Sigma Black Belt but unsure whether you need one? Here's a guide to it and how it differs from other belts.
  6. Investing Basics

    What is Equity?

    Think of equity as ownership in any asset after all debts stemming from that asset are paid.
  7. Economics

    What's a Horizontal Merger?

    A horizontal merger occurs when companies within the same industry merge.
  8. Economics

    Explaining Quality Control

    Businesses use quality control to ensure their products and services meet a certain standard, as well as any industry regulations.
  9. Professionals

    What is Backward Integration?

    What is backward integration, and how can it affect industries?
  10. Economics

    How a Monopoly Works

    In economics, a monopoly occurs when one company is the sole (or nearly sole) provider of a good or service within an industry. This potentially allows that company to become powerful enough ...
  1. Do working capital funds expire?

    While working capital funds do not expire, the working capital figure does change over time. This is because it is calculated ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Does working capital include inventory?

    A company's working capital includes inventory, and increases in inventory make working capital increase. Working capital ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How can I calculate funds from operation in Excel?

    In general, the terms "work in progress" and "work in process" are used interchangeably to refer to products midway through ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When does Q4 start and finish?

    Most companies such as Facebook have financial years that end on December 31st. For these companies, the fourth quarter begins ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. When is it useful to look at a company's fixed asset turnover ratio?

    It is useful to look at a company's fixed asset turnover ratio when an outside observer, such as an investor, wants to know ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between perfect and imperfect competition?

    Perfect competition is a microeconomics concept that describes a market structure controlled entirely by market forces. In ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bar Chart

    A style of chart used by some technical analysts, on which, as illustrated below, the top of the vertical line indicates ...
  2. Bullish Engulfing Pattern

    A chart pattern that forms when a small black candlestick is followed by a large white candlestick that completely eclipses ...
  3. Cyber Monday

    An expression used in online retailing to describe the Monday following U.S. Thanksgiving weekend. Cyber Monday is generally ...
  4. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  5. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
Trading Center