What is a 'Common Resource'
A common resource is a resource, such as water or pasture, that provides users with tangible benefits. A major concern with common resources is overuse, especially when there are poor social-management systems in place to protect the core resource.
Common resources that are not owned by anyone are called open-access resources.
BREAKING DOWN 'Common Resource'
Overuse of common resources often leads to economic problems such as the tragedy of the commons, where user self-interest leads to the destruction of the resource in the long term, to the disadvantage of everyone.