Consortium Bank

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Consortium Bank'

A subsidiary bank created by numerous banks. A consortium bank is created to fund a specific project (such as providing affordable homeownership for low- and moderate-income home buyers) or to execute a specific deal (such as selling loans in the loan syndication market).

The consortium leverages individual banks' assets to achieve its objectives. All member banks have equal ownership shares – no one member has a controlling interest. After the bank's objective is met the consortium typically dissolves.

BREAKING DOWN 'Consortium Bank'

Consortium banks originated in the early 1960s and are predominantly found in Europe. They were originally created to enable smaller banks to participate in international banking activities. Consortium banks are not as active as in the past; however, examples can still be found both in the U.S. and overseas. Member banks can be headquartered in different countries.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Investment Bank - IB

    A financial intermediary that performs a variety of services. ...
  2. Foreign Branch Bank

    A type of foreign bank that is obligated to follow the regulations ...
  3. Agent Bank

    A bank that acts in some capacity on behalf of another bank. ...
  4. Bank

    A financial institution licensed as a receiver of deposits. There ...
  5. Subsidiary Bank

    A type of foreign bank that is incorporated in the host country ...
  6. Debit Card

    An electronic card issued by a bank which allows bank clients ...
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    What Is International Trade?

    Everyone's talking about globalization, so we explain what is it and why some oppose it.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Getting Into International Investing

    Diversifying can mean not only investing in various asset classes but also venturing beyond domestic exchanges.
  3. Insurance

    What Is The World Bank?

    You've heard of the World Bank, now find out how it functions and why some groups oppose it.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    An Introduction To The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    Chances are you've heard of the IMF. But what does it do, and why is it so controversial?
  5. Personal Finance

    What Is The Bank For International Settlements?

    Get the scoop on the structure and functions of the oldest global financial institution.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Refinance Vs. Debt Restructuring: What's Best For Your Credit Score?

    Discover key differences between refinancing and restructuring debt in regard to terms, the negotiation process and effect on credit scores.
  7. Investing Basics

    Explaining Rehypothecation

    Rehypothecation occurs when an asset used as collateral for one party is reused in another transaction.
  8. Technical Indicators

    Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Retail Banks

    Learn about key financial metrics that investors use to evaluate retail banks, and how the industry is fundamentally different from most other industries.
  9. Economics

    What Does a Merchant Bank Do?

    A merchant bank is a financial institution that performs underwriting, loan services, financial advising and fund raising services to large corporations.
  10. Economics

    The 3 Biggest Canadian Banks

    Examine some of the largest banks in Canada, which also rank among the largest and most important banks in the industry worldwide.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between loan syndication and a consortium?

    In a very general sense, a consortium is any group of individuals or entities that decides to pool resources toward a given ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How does investment banking differ from commercial banking?

    Investment banking and commercial banking are two primary segments of the banking industry. Investment banks facilitate the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why do commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve?

    Commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve primarily to meet reserve requirements when their cash on hand is low before ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a bank determine what my discretionary income is when making a loan decision?

    Discretionary income is the money left over from your gross income each month after taking out taxes and paying for necessities. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What role does a correspondent bank play in an international transaction?

    A correspondent bank is most typically used in international buy, sell or money transfer transactions to facilitate foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between a correspondent bank and intermediary bank?

    Correspondent and intermediary banks serve as third-party banks that coordinate with beneficiary banks to facilitate international ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  2. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
  3. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  4. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  5. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  6. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!