Constant Currencies

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Constant Currencies'

An exchange rate that eliminates the effects of exchange rate fluctuations and that is used when calculating financial performance numbers. Companies with major foreign operations often use constant currencies when calculating their yearly performance measures.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Constant Currencies'

For example, consider a French company that sells primarily abroad and sets its prices according to U.S. dollars. If sales increase 10% in dollar terms, but the dollar fell 5% against the franc during the year, only a 5% increase in sales will be reported in the accounts, unless a constant currency is applied in the calculation. In other words, the use of constant currencies allows companies to show performance unaffected by currency fluctuations.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Exchange Rate

    The price of a nation’s currency in terms of another currency. ...
  2. Currency

    A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper ...
  3. Translation Risk

    The exchange rate risk associated with companies that deal in ...
  4. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
  5. Translation Exposure

    The risk that a company's equities, assets, liabilities or income ...
  6. Transaction Risk

    The exchange rate risk associated with the time delay between ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How are foreign exchange rates affected by commodity price fluctuations?

    In the foreign exchange (forex) market, currency valuations move up and down as a result of many factors, including interest ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Forex Education

    Dollarization Explained

    Find out how fledgling economies can find some stability in their currency and attract foreign investment.
  3. Bonds & Fixed Income

    6 Factors That Influence Exchange Rates

    Find out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
  4. Investing

    What's a Run Rate?

    Run rate is a term used to denote annualized earnings extrapolated from a shorter time frame. Management uses the run rate to estimate future revenues.
  5. Professionals

    Financial Accounting

    Financial accounting is the process of gathering, recording, summarizing and reporting financial data relating to a business. The ultimate goal is to accurately report the financial picture and ...
  6. Investing

    What are Direct Costs?

    Direct costs for finished goods refer to the items and services directly used in production. Other costs such as rent and insurance for the production site are indirect costs. These costs may ...
  7. Investing

    What is Contingent Liability?

    A contingent liability is an amount that might have to be paid in the future, but there are still unresolved matters that make it only a possibility. Lawsuits and the threat of lawsuits are the ...
  8. Investing

    What's Accrued Interest?

    Accrued interest has two meanings. In accounting, it is interest that has been earned, but the time for payment has not yet occurred.
  9. Investing

    What is Absorption Costing?

    Absorption costing is an accounting method primarily used in manufacturing. In absorption costing, the cost of a manufactured product includes the direct costs plus an apportioned share of the ...
  10. Forex

    Understanding Currency Carry Trade

    A currency carry trade is a long-term investment strategy used primarily by large institutional investors. The purpose is to make a profit over time from differences in interest rates between ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  2. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  3. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  4. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
  5. Preference Shares

    Company stock with dividends that are paid to shareholders before common stock dividends are paid out. In the event of a ...
  6. Accrued Interest

    1. A term used to describe an accrual accounting method when interest that is either payable or receivable has been recognized, ...
Trading Center