Contingent Guarantee

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Contingent Guarantee'

A guarantee of payment made by a third party, known as the guarantor, to the seller or provider of a product or service in the event of non-payment by the buyer. Contingent guarantees are normally used when the suppliers do not have a relationship with their counterpart. The buyer pays a contingent guarantee fee to the guarantor, which is generally a large bank or financial institution.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Contingent Guarantee'

Contingent guarantees are a common feature in international trade, especially when vendors conduct business with new customers in overseas markets. Note that a contingent guarantee differs from a letter of credit (LC), which is more commonly used in international trade. The former only comes into effect upon non-payment after a stipulated period by the buyer, whereas a letter of credit is payable by the bank as soon as the seller effects shipment and satisfies the terms of the LC.


Contingent guarantees are also used as a risk-mitigation tool for large projects in nations with a high degree of political or regulatory risk, as well as in certain income-oriented financial instruments.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Creditor

    An entity (person or institution) that extends credit by giving ...
  2. Lien

    The legal right of a creditor to sell the collateral property ...
  3. Contingent Asset

    An asset in which the possibility of an economic benefit depends ...
  4. Letter Of Credit

    A letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a ...
  5. Contingent Liability

    A potential obligation that may be incurred depending on the ...
  6. Debtor

    A company or individual who owes money. If the debt is in the ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    What Is The Balance Of Payments?

    The balance of payments helps countries to track how much money is coming in and how much money is going out. Learn more about BOPs here.
  2. Personal Finance

    What Is International Trade?

    Everyone's talking about globalization, so we explain what is it and why some oppose it.
  3. Options & Futures

    Different Needs, Different Loans

    Find out what options are available when it comes to borrowing money.
  4. Economics

    A Look at Greece’s Messy Fiscal Policy

    Investigate the muddy fiscal policy, tax problems, and inability to institute austerity that created the Greek crises in 2010 and 2015.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares MSCI South Africa

    Learn more about the iShares MSCI South Africa fund, which is an NYSE-listed exchange-traded fund offered and managed by BlackRock.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares MSCI EAFE Small-Cap

    Read an in-depth analysis of the iShares MSCI EAFE Small-Cap Fund, a well-managed exchange-traded fund that tracks small-cap international stocks.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Vanguard Global ex-US Real Estate

    Take an in-depth look at the Vanguard Global ex-U.S. Real Estate ETF, an international property fund tilted toward Asian markets.
  8. Economics

    Is the Yuan a Yawn or a Nightmare for Investors?

    China’s decision to change the method of setting its currency exchange rate caused global shock waves last week.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares International Select Dividend

    Learn how the iShares International Select Dividend ETF provides investors an opportunity to gain exposure to high-quality companies outside the United States.
  10. Markets

    The Vodka Industry Keeps Growing, But Why?

    Understand what the vodka industry is and where it performs best. Learn about the growth of the industry and three reason why it continues to grow.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Who uses bills of exchange?

    Bills of exchange primarily act as promissory notes in international trade; the seller, or exporter, in the transaction addresses ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What's the difference between a bank guarantee and a letter of credit?

    A bank guarantee and a letter of credit are similar in many ways but they're two different things. Letters of credit ensure ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight ...

    The difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight (CIF) is essentially the requirement under ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between Cost and Freight (CFR) and Free on Board (FOB)?

    The difference between cost and freight (CFR) and free on board (FOB) lies in who has responsibility for various shipping ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  2. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  3. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
  4. Widow's Exemption

    In general terms, a widow's exemption refers to the amount that can be deducted from taxable income by a widow, thereby reducing ...
  5. Wedding Warrant

    A warrant that can only be exercised if the host asset, typically a bond or preferred stock, is surrendered. Until the call ...
  6. Marlboro Friday

    A reference to Friday, April 2, 1993, when Philip Morris, the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, announced that it would be cutting ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!