What is 'Contractors' All Risks (CAR) Insurance'

Contractors' All Risks (CAR) insurance is an insurance policy that provides coverage for both damage to a property and third-party injury or damage claims. Contractors' all risk (CAR) insurance policies are considered non-standard insurance policies.

Construction projects typically involve two primary types of risk: damage to the property, and third-party claims of injury or damage. Damage to the property could include the structure not being properly constructed, or receiving damage during a renovation. Third-parties, including subcontractors, may become injured while working at the construction site. Contractors' all risk (CAR) insurance bridges these two risks into a common policy, and helps cover the gap between exclusions that would otherwise exist when using separate policies.

BREAKING DOWN 'Contractors' All Risks (CAR) Insurance'

CAR insurance is typically taken out jointly by both the contractor and the employer, with other parties such as financing companies having the option of being named to the policy. Because multiple parties are included in the policy they each retain the right to file a claim against the insurer, although all parties also have the duty of informing the insurer of any injuries and damages that may result in a claim.

The goal of using a CAR insurance policy is to ensure that all parties are covered on a project, regardless of the type of damage to the property or who caused the damage. Insurers who underwrite this type of policy lose the right to subrogation, meaning that if it pays out funds to one party in the contract then it cannot seek to recover those funds from another party in the contract. For example, if the owner of a large building and the contractor working on the building are on the same CAR policy, any costs of damage to the building caused by the contractor can be recovered by the building owner when a claim is filed. The insurer, however, cannot seek to recover funds from the contractor.

Risks often covered under a CAR policy include fire, flood, wind, earthquakes, water damage and mold, construction faults, and negligence. They typically do not cover normal wear and tear, willful negligence, or poor workmanship.

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