Credit Default Contract

DEFINITION of 'Credit Default Contract'

Security with a risk level and pricing based on the risk of credit default by one or more underlying security issuers. Credit default contracts include credit default swaps (CDSs), credit default index contracts, credit default options and credit default basket options. Credit default contracts are also used as part of the mechanism behind many collateralized debt obligations (CDOs); in these cases, the contracts may have unique covenants that exclude company events, such as a debt restructuring as a "credit event".


BREAKING DOWN 'Credit Default Contract'

The main goal of credit default contracts is to establish a price for a given default risk, where it can then be traded to another party who wishes to accept it. Growth of credit default contracts has exploded in recent years, as liquidity has grown along with institutional investor interest. They are a versatile tool for transferring risk away from a lender's balance sheet (such as in CDS) or for pure speculation by hedge funds and other investment vehicles.

The biggest risk in credit default contracts is their extreme sensitivity to individual company and market fluctuations. If fear of default starts to creep into the credit default markets, spreads will rise across the board, making the cost of protection that much more expensive, and slowing down activity in the debt markets as a whole.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. In what types of financial situations would credit spread risk be applied instead ...

    Find out when credit risk is realized as spread risk and when it is realized as default risk, and learn why market participants ... Read Answer >>
  2. What level of default rate is typical for the credit services industry?

    Learn how default rates affect businesses in the credit services industry, and what rates are considered normal for a company ... Read Answer >>
  3. What factors are taken into account to quantify credit risk?

    Learn how probability of default, or PD; loss given default, or LGD; and exposure at default, or EAD, are used to help quantify ... Read Answer >>
  4. In the beginning of this year, the total par value of all CCC-rated bonds were $12 ...

    The correct answer is: d) (i) Default Loss Rate = [($1.3 billion - $625 million)/$1.3 billion] = 51.9% (ii) Dollar Default ... Read Answer >>
  5. Should you calculate Value at Risk (VaR) for counterparty credit risk?

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  6. What are some examples of risks associated with financial markets?

    Find out about the different types of risks for different classes of assets including volatility, counterparty risk and default ... Read Answer >>
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