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DEFINITION of 'Credit Scoring'

A statistical analysis performed by lenders and financial institutions to access a person's credit worthiness. Lenders use credit scoring, among other things, to arrive at a decision on whether to extend credit. A person's credit score is a number between 300 and 850, 850 being the highest credit rating possible.

BREAKING DOWN 'Credit Scoring'

Fair Isaac Corporation's credit scoring system, known as a FICO score, is the most widely used credit scoring system in the financial industry. Lenders use credit scoring in risk-based pricing in which the terms of a loan, including the interest rate, offered to borrowers are based on the probability of repayment. In general, the better a person's credit score, the better the rate offered to the individual by the financial institution.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the biggest factors that can affect my credit score?

    A credit score is a numeric expression that helps lenders estimate the risk of extending credit or loaning money to people. ... Read Answer >>
  2. How is my credit score calculated?

    The credit score, commonly referred to as a FICO score, is a proprietary tool created by the Fair Isaac Corporation. This ... Read Answer >>
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