Credit Scoring


DEFINITION of 'Credit Scoring'

A statistical analysis performed by lenders and financial institutions to access a person's credit worthiness. Lenders use credit scoring, among other things, to arrive at a decision on whether to extend credit. A person's credit score is a number between 300 and 850, 850 being the highest credit rating possible.


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BREAKING DOWN 'Credit Scoring'

Fair Isaac Corporation's credit scoring system, known as a FICO score, is the most widely used credit scoring system in the financial industry. Lenders use credit scoring in risk-based pricing in which the terms of a loan, including the interest rate, offered to borrowers are based on the probability of repayment. In general, the better a person's credit score, the better the rate offered to the individual by the financial institution.

  1. Repayment

    The act of paying back money previously borrowed from a lender. ...
  2. Credit Report

    A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared ...
  3. Credit

    1. A contractual agreement in which a borrower receives something ...
  4. Interest Rate

    The amount charged, expressed as a percentage of principal, by ...
  5. FICO Score

    A type of credit score that makes up a substantial portion of ...
  6. Credit Bureau

    An agency that researches and collects individual credit information ...
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  1. Will credit card inactivity affect my credit score?

    Whether your credit score will be affected by inactivity depends on how you define "inactivity". Your credit report does ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How many free credit reports can you get per year?

    Individuals with valid Social Security numbers are permitted to receive up to three credit reports every 12 months rather ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do free credit reports affect your credit score?

    Free credit reports do not impact your credit score. Credit inquiries are divided into two categories: soft inquiries and ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does a free credit report show your credit score?

    The free credit reports available from the three credit reporting agencies do not include your credit score. Under the 2 ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Can a Best Buy credit card help you build credit?

    A Best Buy credit card can be used to help improve your credit score and credit history as long as you use the card responsibly. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Are personal loans bad for your credit score?

    Taking out a personal loan is not bad for your credit score in and of itself. However, there are several factors that come ... Read Full Answer >>

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