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DEFINITION of 'Credit Scoring'

A statistical analysis performed by lenders and financial institutions to access a person's credit worthiness. Lenders use credit scoring, among other things, to arrive at a decision on whether to extend credit. A person's credit score is a number between 300 and 850, 850 being the highest credit rating possible.

BREAKING DOWN 'Credit Scoring'

Fair Isaac Corporation's credit scoring system, known as a FICO score, is the most widely used credit scoring system in the financial industry. Lenders use credit scoring in risk-based pricing in which the terms of a loan, including the interest rate, offered to borrowers are based on the probability of repayment. In general, the better a person's credit score, the better the rate offered to the individual by the financial institution.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the biggest factors that can affect my credit score?

    A credit score is a numeric expression that helps lenders estimate the risk of extending credit or loaning money to people. ... Read Answer >>
  2. What's more important to lenders, my credit score or my credit report?

    Find out why lenders care more about your credit report than your credit score and why you should care more about your credit ... Read Answer >>
  3. Does a free credit report show your credit score?

    Find out how you can obtain your credit score, and find out whether your score is included in your free annual credit reports. Read Answer >>
  4. How is my credit score calculated?

    The credit score, commonly referred to as a FICO score, is a proprietary tool created by the Fair Isaac Corporation. This ... Read Answer >>
  5. How does the number of credit card accounts I have affect my credit score?

    Your credit score, which is also referred to as your FICO score, is a measure that creditors use to assess your potential ... Read Answer >>
  6. Why don't I have a credit score?

    Learn about some of the reasons why you might not have a credit score, and find out how you can build a good credit score ... Read Answer >>
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