Crop Method


DEFINITION of 'Crop Method'

This method of accounting is available for farmers who do not harvest and sell their crops in the same year that they planted and grew them. The crop method allows the farmer to deduct the full cost of crop production in the year that the crop is actually sold. This effectively allows the farmer to write off the production cost against the revenue received in the same year.


The cost of production in this case includes the cost of purchasing seed or baby plants. The crop method is one of several special methods of accounting available for farmers. However, the farmer must petition the IRS for approval before using this method of accounting.

  1. Indirect Method

    A method for creating a statement of cash flows a company may ...
  2. Direct Method

    A method of creating a statement of cash flows during a given ...
  3. Crop Year

    The time period from one year's harvest to the next for an agricultural ...
  4. Encumbrance

    A claim against a property by a party that is not the owner. ...
  5. Profit and Loss Statement (P&L)

    A financial statement that summarizes the revenues, costs and ...
  6. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Options & Futures

    Harvesting Crop Production Reports

    Find out what grain investors need to know to analyze USDA reports.
  3. Home & Auto

    No Longer Nomads: The History Of Real Estate

    From caves to condos, we look at how homo sapiens hunted for a home.
  4. Economics

    Explaining Appreciation

    Appreciation refers to an increase over time in the value of an investment or asset.
  5. Economics

    Calculating Long-Term Debt to Total Assets Ratio

    A company’s long-term debt to total assets ratio shows the percentage of its assets that are financed with long-term debt.
  6. Economics

    Explaining Like-for-Like Sales

    Companies use like-for-like sales figures to compare sales volume from one period to another.
  7. Investing

    How Worried Should We Be About China?

    An economic slowdown, a freezing up in trade and plunging markets and currencies are casting a shadow across Asia—and the globe. How worried should we be?
  8. Professionals

    Career Advice: Accountant Vs. Financial Planner

    Identify the key differences between a career in accounting and financial planning, and learn how your personality dictates which is the better choice for you.
  9. Economics

    Calculating Days Working Capital

    A company’s days working capital ratio shows how many days it takes to convert working capital into revenue.
  10. Professionals

    Career Advice: Accountant Vs. Controller

    Learn about the differences between controllers and accountants, how the two are related and which is the best career choice for aspiring bookkeepers.
  1. What impact does a higher non-farm payroll have on the forex market?

    Traders are constantly monitoring various economic indicators to identify trends in economic growth. Some of the most watched ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do dividends affect working capital?

    Regardless of whether cash dividends are paid or accrued, a company's working capital is reduced. When cash dividends are ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do prepayments provide working capital?

    Prepayments, or prepaid expenses, are typically included in the current assets on a company's balance sheet, as they represent ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does working capital include salaries?

    A company accrues unpaid salaries on its balance sheet as part of accounts payable, which is a current liability account, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is a profit and loss (P&L) statement and why do companies publish them?

    A profit and loss (P&L) statement, or balance sheet, is essentially a snapshot of a company's financial activity for ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do dividends affect the balance sheet?

    Dividends paid in cash affect a company's balance sheet by decreasing the company's cash account on the asset side and decreasing ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Ex Works (EXW)

    An international trade term requiring the seller to make goods ready for pickup at his or her own place of business. All ...
  2. Letter of Intent - LOI

    A document outlining the terms of an agreement before it is finalized. LOIs are usually not legally binding in their entirety. ...
  3. Purchasing Power

    The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing ...
  4. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  5. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  6. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!