Crop Yield

DEFINITION of 'Crop Yield '

A measurement of the amount of a crop that was harvested per unit of land area. Crop yield is the measurement often used for a cereal, grain or legume and is normally measured in metric tons per hectare (or kilograms per hectare).

Crop yield can also refer to the actual seed generation from the plant. For example, a grain of wheat yielding three new grains of wheat would have a crop yield of 1:3.

It is also referred to as "agricultural output."

BREAKING DOWN 'Crop Yield '

To estimate the crop yield, producers usually count the amount of a given crop harvested in a sample area. The harvested crop is then weighed, and the crop yield of the entire field is extrapolated from the sample.

For example, if a wheat producer counted 30 heads per foot squared, and each head contained 24 seeds, and assuming a 1,000 kernel weight of 35 grams, the crop yield estimate using the standard formula would be: 30 X 24 X 35 X 0.04356 = 1097 kg/acre. And since wheat is 27.215 kg/bu, the yield we estimated would be 40 bu/ac (1097/27.215).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Seed Stock

    An investment security that is based on shares of a publicly ...
  2. Farm Credit System - FCS

    The Farm Credit System is a nationwide network of cooperative ...
  3. Farmer Mac - Federal Agricultural ...

    A publicly traded, shareholder-owned corporation that was federally ...
  4. RHS Loan

    A loan made by or guaranteed by the United States Department ...
  5. Crude Oil

    Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product ...
  6. Crop-Hail Insurance

    A type of insurance that insures against crop damage caused by ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Forex Education

    Trading The Non-Farm Payroll Report

    Discover how to trade the NFP report without getting knocked out by the irrational volatility it can create.
  3. Entrepreneurship

    In Small Business, Success Is Spelled With 5 "C"s

    Incorporating these steps will help your business thrive in a competitive market.
  4. Insurance

    The Wall Street Animal Farm: Getting To Know The Lingo

    Finance professionals speak a different language, but the terms they use are more familiar than you think.
  5. Investing Basics

    The Importance of Commodity Pricing in Understanding Inflation

    Commodity prices are believed to be a leading indicator of inflation, but does it always hold?
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Performance Review: Commodities in 2015

    Learn how commodities took a big hit in 2015 with a huge variance in performances. Discover how the major commodities performed over the year.
  7. Stock Analysis

    The Biggest Risks of Investing in SandRidge Stock

    Learn about the significant risks of investing in SandRidge. Read how the company may not be able to service its substantial debt load.
  8. Chart Advisor

    These 3 ETFs Suggest Commodities Are Headed Lower (COMT,CCX,DBC)

    The charts of these three exchange traded funds suggest that commodities are stuck in a downtrend and it doesn't look like it will reverse any time soon.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    The Changing Economics of the Oil Business

    Read about the changing economics of the oil business. Discover how oil companies are using technology to increase the efficiency of old wells.
  10. Options & Futures

    Contango Versus Normal Backwardation

    It’s important for both hedgers and speculators to know whether the commodity futures markets are in contango or normal backwardation.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Which mutual funds made money in 2008?

    Out of the 2,800 mutual funds that Morningstar, Inc., the leading provider of independent investment research in North America, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do hedge funds invest in commodities?

    There are several hedge funds that invest in commodities. Many hedge funds have broad macroeconomic strategies and invest ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What countries are driving most of the growth of the food and beverage sector?

    The countries driving most of the growth of the food and beverage sector are the primary emerging market economies of China ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What other precious metals are there beyond gold and silver?

    Besides gold and silver, the other precious metals are platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, rhenium, germanium, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What countries have the largest gold reserves?

    The United States holds the largest stockpile of gold reserves in the world by a considerable margin. In fact, the U.S. government ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the point of agricultural subsidies?

    Every five years, new legislation is introduced and passed through the U.S. Congress to subsidize farmers and agricultural ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  2. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
  3. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  4. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  5. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  6. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
Trading Center