Crop Yield


DEFINITION of 'Crop Yield '

A measurement of the amount of a crop that was harvested per unit of land area. Crop yield is the measurement often used for a cereal, grain or legume and is normally measured in metric tons per hectare (or kilograms per hectare).

Crop yield can also refer to the actual seed generation from the plant. For example, a grain of wheat yielding three new grains of wheat would have a crop yield of 1:3.

It is also referred to as "agricultural output."


To estimate the crop yield, producers usually count the amount of a given crop harvested in a sample area. The harvested crop is then weighed, and the crop yield of the entire field is extrapolated from the sample.

For example, if a wheat producer counted 30 heads per foot squared, and each head contained 24 seeds, and assuming a 1,000 kernel weight of 35 grams, the crop yield estimate using the standard formula would be: 30 X 24 X 35 X 0.04356 = 1097 kg/acre. And since wheat is 27.215 kg/bu, the yield we estimated would be 40 bu/ac (1097/27.215).

  1. Seed Stock

    An investment security that is based on shares of a publicly ...
  2. Farm Credit System - FCS

    The Farm Credit System is a nationwide network of cooperative ...
  3. Farmer Mac - Federal Agricultural ...

    A publicly traded, shareholder-owned corporation that was federally ...
  4. RHS Loan

    A loan made by or guaranteed by the United States Department ...
  5. Crop-Hail Insurance

    A type of insurance that insures against crop damage caused by ...
  6. Genetic Engineering

    The artificial modification of an organism’s genetic composition. ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Forex Education

    Trading The Non-Farm Payroll Report

    Discover how to trade the NFP report without getting knocked out by the irrational volatility it can create.
  3. Entrepreneurship

    In Small Business, Success Is Spelled With 5 "C"s

    Incorporating these steps will help your business thrive in a competitive market.
  4. Insurance

    The Wall Street Animal Farm: Getting To Know The Lingo

    Finance professionals speak a different language, but the terms they use are more familiar than you think.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 Commodities Mutual Funds

    Get information about some of the most popular and best-performing mutual funds that are focused on commodity-related investments.
  6. Chart Advisor

    Agriculture Commodities Are In The Bear's Sights

    Agriculture stocks have experienced strong moves higher over recent weeks, but chart patterns on sugar, corn and wheat are suggesting the moves could be short lived.
  7. Economics

    The 4 Countries That Produce the Most Food

    Learn about the four food superpowers -- China, India, the United States and Brazil -- and what sets them apart from the rest of the world.
  8. Investing News

    Glencore Shares Surge in Hong Kong

    Shares of Glencore International, a leading multinational commodities and mining company, jumped by around 15% on London Stock Exchange, after the shares had gained about 71% earlier on the Hong ...
  9. Investing

    Have Commodities Bottomed?

    Commodity prices have been heading lower for more than four years, being the worst performing asset class of 2015 with more losses in cyclical commodities.
  10. Investing

    The Quinoa Quandary for Bolivian Farmers

    Growing global demand for quinoa has impacted Bolivian farmers' way of life. Should the American consumer be wary of buying this product?
  1. What countries are driving most of the growth of the food and beverage sector?

    The countries driving most of the growth of the food and beverage sector are the primary emerging market economies of China ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What other precious metals are there beyond gold and silver?

    Besides gold and silver, the other precious metals are platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, rhenium, germanium, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What countries have the largest gold reserves?

    The United States holds the largest stockpile of gold reserves in the world by a considerable margin. In fact, the U.S. government ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the point of agricultural subsidies?

    Every five years, new legislation is introduced and passed through the U.S. Congress to subsidize farmers and agricultural ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What commodities are not tradable?

    As of February 2015, commodities that are not tradable include diamonds, tomatoes, carbon dioxide, lemons, eggs, potatoes, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the main benchmarks for tracking the performance of the metals and mining ...

    Benchmarks serve as initial points of reference against which portfolios, individual stocks or stock sectors can be compared ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  2. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  3. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  4. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  5. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
  6. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!