Crop Yield

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Crop Yield '

A measurement of the amount of a crop that was harvested per unit of land area. Crop yield is the measurement often used for a cereal, grain or legume and is normally measured in metric tons per hectare (or kilograms per hectare).

Crop yield can also refer to the actual seed generation from the plant. For example, a grain of wheat yielding three new grains of wheat would have a crop yield of 1:3.

It is also referred to as "agricultural output."

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Crop Yield '

To estimate the crop yield, producers usually count the amount of a given crop harvested in a sample area. The harvested crop is then weighed, and the crop yield of the entire field is extrapolated from the sample.

For example, if a wheat producer counted 30 heads per foot squared, and each head contained 24 seeds, and assuming a 1,000 kernel weight of 35 grams, the crop yield estimate using the standard formula would be: 30 X 24 X 35 X 0.04356 = 1097 kg/acre. And since wheat is 27.215 kg/bu, the yield we estimated would be 40 bu/ac (1097/27.215).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Seed Stock

    An investment security that is based on shares of a publicly ...
  2. Farm Credit System - FCS

    The Farm Credit System is a nationwide network of cooperative ...
  3. Farmer Mac - Federal Agricultural ...

    A publicly traded, shareholder-owned corporation that was federally ...
  4. RHS Loan

    A loan made by or guaranteed by the United States Department ...
  5. Crop-Hail Insurance

    A type of insurance that insures against crop damage caused by ...
  6. Genetic Engineering

    The artificial modification of an organism’s genetic composition. ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What other precious metals are there beyond gold and silver?

    Besides gold and silver, the other precious metals are platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, rhenium, germanium, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What countries have the largest gold reserves?

    The United States holds the largest stockpile of gold reserves in the world by a considerable margin. In fact, the U.S. government ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the point of agricultural subsidies?

    Every five years, new legislation is introduced and passed through the U.S. Congress to subsidize farmers and agricultural ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What commodities are not tradable?

    As of February 2015, commodities that are not tradable include diamonds, tomatoes, carbon dioxide, lemons, eggs, potatoes, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the main benchmarks for tracking the performance of the metals and mining ...

    Benchmarks serve as initial points of reference against which portfolios, individual stocks or stock sectors can be compared ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What companies are positioned to grow from the popularity of ETFs?

    Some of the companies best-positioned to benefit from the explosion in the popularity of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Forex Education

    Trading The Non-Farm Payroll Report

    Discover how to trade the NFP report without getting knocked out by the irrational volatility it can create.
  3. Entrepreneurship

    In Small Business, Success Is Spelled With 5 "C"s

    Incorporating these steps will help your business thrive in a competitive market.
  4. Insurance

    The Wall Street Animal Farm: Getting To Know The Lingo

    Finance professionals speak a different language, but the terms they use are more familiar than you think.
  5. Chart Advisor

    Commodity Traders are Watching These 3 Charts

    As we head towards the summer months, many commodity traders are looking to diversify their holdings and to protect themselves against inflation.
  6. Chart Advisor

    Copper Is Headed For A Pullback

    While copper prices have stabilized over the past few weeks it may still be too early for most commodity traders to enter a long position.
  7. Professionals

    A Look at How the Ultra-Wealthy Invest

    Ultra-wealthy investors are cautious this year as they approach the markets. Many target mutual funds and stocks, but most also diversify their portfolios.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top Commodities ETFs for Your Retirement Portfolio

    There are many commodity-tracking ETFs, but only a few are must-adds to your retirement portfolio.
  9. Chart Advisor

    3 Commodity Stocks Poised For A Move Higher

    When it comes to the industrial metals industry, there are few companies that have the scope of operations as that of Vale S.A.
  10. Investing News

    Technology: Increasing Indoor Farming's Efficiency

    Indoor farming has gone high-tech. An increasing number of investors are now sitting up and taking notice.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  2. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  3. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  4. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  5. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
  6. Variance

    The spread between numbers in a data set, measuring Variance is calculated by taking the differences between each number ...
Trading Center