Calcutta Stock Exchange (CAL) .CL


DEFINITION of 'Calcutta Stock Exchange (CAL) .CL '

The securities market in Calcutta, India. The country's second-oldest exchange began in 1908 as the Calcutta Stock Exchange Association with the trading of securities in the East India Company. At this time, it had 150 members. In 1923, the Association became a limited liability concern. In 1980, the exchange was permanently recognized by India's government. In 1997, The Exchange was the largest in the country, and it replaced its manual trading system with a computerized trading system called C-Star.

BREAKING DOWN 'Calcutta Stock Exchange (CAL) .CL '

C-Star was subject to a major payment settlement system scam in 2001 that closed down the exchange and resulted in the suspension of 300 CSE members, many of whom were able to get their licenses back several years later. Many companies delisted from the CSE and joined the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) or National Stock Exchange instead. In 2007, the CSE entered a piggyback arrangement with the BSE. 2,500 companies are listed exclusively on the CSE, but critics say that there are not enough companies in East India and that very few of CSE's exclusive listings are good companies.

  1. Security

    A financial instrument that represents an ownership position ...
  2. Stock Market

    The market in which shares of publicly held companies are issued ...
  3. Shareholder

    Any person, company or other institution that owns at least one ...
  4. Exchange

    A marketplace in which securities, commodities, derivatives and ...
  5. Listed Security

    A financial instrument that is traded through an exchange, such ...
  6. Investment

    An asset or item that is purchased with the hope that it will ...
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