Cumulative Dividend

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DEFINITION of 'Cumulative Dividend'

A sum that publicly traded companies must remit to preferred shareholders without regard to the company's earnings or profitability. A cumulative dividend must be paid, whereas a regular dividend, also called a non-cumulative dividend, may be paid to or withheld from shareholders at the company's discretion. If a company cannot pay a cumulative dividend when it is due, it is still responsible for paying it in the future, possibly with interest, and it must fulfill this obligation before it can award dividends to common shareholders. This feature makes cumulative preferred shares more valuable than non-cumulative preferred shares or common shares.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Cumulative Dividend'

Cumulative dividends are intended to ensure investors a minimum return on their investment in the company. Cumulative dividend provisions may contain limitations, such as being payable only if the company liquidates. Preferred shares usually pay cumulative dividends, but not always. A company that issues cumulative preferred stock must disclose any accumulated, unpaid dividends in its financial statements.






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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the different types of preference shares?

    There are a number of investment options available for those looking to try making money in the stock market. Most people ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between preferred stock and common stock?

    Preferred and common stocks are different in two key aspects. First, preferred stockholders have a greater claim to a company's ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why don't investors buy stock just before the dividend date and sell right afterwards?

    Many years ago, unscrupulous brokers would use the same logic on their clients as a sleazy sales tactic. These brokers would ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the incentive to buy a stock without dividends?

    While dividends are the only direct income (money paid out), the total return of holding, a stock is the dividend plus the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do dividend distributions affect additional paid in capital?

    Whether a dividend distribution has any effect on additional paid-in capital depends solely on what type of dividend is issued: ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. When does the holding period on a stock dividend start?

    The holding period on a stock dividend typically begins the day after it is purchased. Understanding the holding period is ... Read Full Answer >>
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