Currency Certificate

DEFINITION of 'Currency Certificate'

A note that grants the holder the right to convert a specific amount of one currency to another at a given exchange rate until it expires. A currency certificate is a bearer certificate in that there is no registered owner. Currency certificates are a useful tool for hedging foreign exchange risk.

BREAKING DOWN 'Currency Certificate'

For example, suppose that Company XYZ is based in America but also has operations in Canada. The company will be receiving Canadian dollars from sales, but will want them to be exchanged for U.S. dollars. If the U.S. dollar weakens relative to the Canadian dollar, the company will lose money.

Each month, Company XYZ forecasts the next month's Canadian sales. The company could purchase one-month currency certificates for the amount of next month's estimated Canadian sales at a foreign exchange rate specified today. This will protect the company if the Canadian dollar appreciates relative to the U.S. dollar, because it can turn in these certificates and convert the currency at the note's specified rate. If the U.S. dollar appreciates relative to the Canadian dollar, the certificates will not be used.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  2. Depreciation

    1. A method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its ...
  3. Currency Option

    A contract that grants the holder the right, but not the obligation, ...
  4. Foreign Exchange Risk

    1. The risk of an investment's value changing due to changes ...
  5. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
  6. Appreciation

    An increase in the value of an asset over time. The increase ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Top 7 Questions About Currency Trading Answered

    Whether you're puzzled by pips or curious about carry trades, your queries are answered here.
  2. Forex Education

    Getting Started In Foreign Exchange Futures

    Learn how these futures are used for hedging and speculating, and how they are different from traditional futures.
  3. Forex Education

    Forex: Wading Into The Currency Market

    We go over the ground rules and available resources needed for this undertaking.
  4. Forex Education

    How To Place Orders With A Forex Broker

    Learn how to set each type of stop and limit when trading currencies.
  5. Forex Education

    Forex Tutorial: The Forex Market

    In this online tutorial, beginners and experts alike can learn the ins and outs of the retail forex market.
  6. Options & Futures

    What Does Quadruple Witching Mean?

    In a financial context, quadruple witching refers to the day on which contracts for stock index futures, index options, and single stock futures expire.
  7. Options & Futures

    4 Equity Derivatives And How They Work

    Equity derivatives offer retail investors opportunities to benefit from an underlying security without owning the security itself.
  8. Options & Futures

    Five Advantages of Futures Over Options

    Futures have a number of advantages over options such as fixed upfront trading costs, lack of time decay and liquidity.
  9. Forex Fundamentals

    How To Calculate An Exchange Rate

    An exchange rate is how much it costs to exchange one currency for another.
  10. Options & Futures

    Contango Versus Normal Backwardation

    It’s important for both hedgers and speculators to know whether the commodity futures markets are in contango or normal backwardation.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is a derivative?

    A derivative is a contract between two or more parties whose value is based on an agreed-upon underlying financial asset, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do hedge funds invest in commodities?

    There are several hedge funds that invest in commodities. Many hedge funds have broad macroeconomic strategies and invest ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures? (RYMBX, GATEX)

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How is the value of a pip determined?

    A pip in foreign exchange trading is a measure of a price movement in a currency pair. "Pip" is an acronym for price interest ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  2. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  3. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  4. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
  5. Dark Pool Liquidity

    The trading volume created by institutional orders that are unavailable to the public. The bulk of dark pool liquidity is ...
Trading Center