Currency Certificate

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Currency Certificate'

A note that grants the holder the right to convert a specific amount of one currency to another at a given exchange rate until it expires. A currency certificate is a bearer certificate in that there is no registered owner. Currency certificates are a useful tool for hedging foreign exchange risk.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Currency Certificate'

For example, suppose that Company XYZ is based in America but also has operations in Canada. The company will be receiving Canadian dollars from sales, but will want them to be exchanged for U.S. dollars. If the U.S. dollar weakens relative to the Canadian dollar, the company will lose money.

Each month, Company XYZ forecasts the next month's Canadian sales. The company could purchase one-month currency certificates for the amount of next month's estimated Canadian sales at a foreign exchange rate specified today. This will protect the company if the Canadian dollar appreciates relative to the U.S. dollar, because it can turn in these certificates and convert the currency at the note's specified rate. If the U.S. dollar appreciates relative to the Canadian dollar, the certificates will not be used.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Depreciation

    1. A method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its ...
  2. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  3. Appreciation

    An increase in the value of an asset over time. The increase ...
  4. Currency Option

    A contract that grants the holder the right, but not the obligation, ...
  5. Foreign-Exchange Risk

    1. The risk of an investment's value changing due to changes ...
  6. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Getting Started In Foreign Exchange Futures

    Learn how these futures are used for hedging and speculating, and how they are different from traditional futures.
  2. Forex Education

    Forex: Wading Into The Currency Market

    We go over the ground rules and available resources needed for this undertaking.
  3. Forex Education

    Top 7 Questions About Currency Trading Answered

    Whether you're puzzled by pips or curious about carry trades, your queries are answered here.
  4. Forex Education

    How To Place Orders With A Forex Broker

    Learn how to set each type of stop and limit when trading currencies.
  5. Forex Education

    Forex Tutorial: The Forex Market

    In this online tutorial, beginners and experts alike can learn the ins and outs of the retail forex market.
  6. Investing Basics

    The Strange New World Of The Bitcoin Exchange Futures Market

    We explain the basics of the Bitcoin exchange and futures market.
  7. Options & Futures

    Is short selling ethical?

    Understand the concept and practice of short selling, and examine the ethical questions that some investors raise in regard to this practice.
  8. Options & Futures

    How is it possible to trade on a stock you don't own, as is done in short selling?

    Understand how the process of short selling allows a person to sell a stock he or she doesn't technically own by borrowing on margin from a broker.
  9. Options & Futures

    What kinds of restrictions does the SEC put on short selling?

    Learn about the rules and regulations on short selling enforced by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, including the uptick rule.
  10. Options & Futures

    When short selling, how long should you hold on to a short?

    Explore the reasons for short selling and the various factors that influence how long an investor may wish to maintain a short position.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Weight Of Ice, Snow Or Sleet Insurance

    Financial protection against damage caused to property by winter weather specifically, damage caused if a roof caves in because ...
  2. Weather Insurance

    A type of protection against a financial loss that may be incurred because of rain, snow, storms, wind, fog, undesirable ...
  3. Portfolio Turnover

    A measure of how frequently assets within a fund are bought and sold by the managers. Portfolio turnover is calculated by ...
  4. Commercial Paper

    An unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by a corporation, typically for the financing of accounts receivable, inventories ...
  5. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds maintained at the Federal Reserve to another depository institution ...
  6. Fixed Asset

    A long-term tangible piece of property that a firm owns and uses in the production of its income and is not expected to be ...
Trading Center