Debit Memorandum

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Debit Memorandum'

1. A document given to an account holder which states that the account balance has been decreased as a result of factors other than a cash withdrawal or a written check being cashed in. Debit memorandums can arise as a result of bank service charges or bounced check fees. A debit memorandum is typically sent out to bank customers along with their monthly bank statements.
Also known as a "debit memo", for short.


2. The adjustment procedure that occurs following a business's valid complaint against another business. For example, if Company A sends defective merchandise to Company B, a debit memorandum would be issued in order to adjust the accounting statements in terms of debits and credits.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Debit Memorandum'

It is usually preferable to avoid debit memorandums from either the individual or business perspective. Individuals typically incur undesirable fees for additional bank service charges or for having a check bounce. On the other hand, there are numerous implicit costs for a business debit memorandum such as possible loss of reputation and human labor to make the necessary adjustments.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Discussion Memorandum

    Published by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), ...
  2. Activity Charge

    A fee charged to cover the servicing costs of an account. An ...
  3. Overdraft Protection

    A line of credit that banks offer to their customers to cover ...
  4. Payroll Card

    A type of bank debit card. Payroll cards draw on the user's wages ...
  5. Garbage Fees

    Unnecessary fees tacked onto mortgage closing costs by lenders ...
  6. Junk Fees

    Nebulous charges assessed at the closing of a mortgage that go ...
Related Articles
  1. Delivery duty paid (DDP) is a shipping term.
    Investing

    What does DDP Mean?

    Delivery duty paid (DDP) is a shipping term specifying that the seller is responsible for all costs associated with delivery of the goods to the buyer. It is usually used when goods are exported ...
  2. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What is liquidity risk?

    Learn how to distinguish between the two broad types of financial liquidity risk: funding liquidity risk and market liquidity risk.
  3. Technical Indicators

    What is a good gearing ratio?

    Understand the meaning of the gearing ratio, how it is calculated, the definition of high and low gearing, and how they reflect relative financial stability.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a good interest coverage ratio?

    Learn the importance of the interest coverage ratio, one of the primary debt ratios analysts use to evaluate a company's financial health.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a bad interest coverage ratio?

    Understand how interest coverage ratio is calculated and what it signifies, and learn what market analysts consider to be an unacceptably low coverage ratio.
  6. Investing Basics

    What is considered to be a bad gearing ratio?

    Understand the basics of gearing, including the net gearing ratio, what constitutes a bad gearing ratio and how this figure reflects financial stability.
  7. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What does the gearing ratio say about risk?

    Find out why lenders and investors pay close attention to a firm's gearing ratios, and why both too much and too little borrowing can be risky.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between a capital gearing ratio and a net gearing ratio?

    Understand the definition of gearing in the finance industry, the difference between net gearing and capital gearing ratios and how they are interpreted.
  9. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between the gearing ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio?

    Dive deeper into gearing ratios: what are they, how are they used and why the debt to equity ratio is one of the most popular analytical gearing tools.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and DSCR?

    Understand the basics of the interest coverage ratio and the debt-service coverage ratio, including calculations and how each type reflects financial stability.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Santa Claus Rally

    A surge in the price of stocks that often occurs in the week between Christmas and New Year's Day. There are numerous explanations ...
  2. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often ...
  3. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  4. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  5. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  6. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
Trading Center