Decimal Trading

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Decimal Trading'

A system in which the price of a security is quoted using a decimal format rather than fractions. For example, a decimal trading quote would be $56.25; using fractions, the same quote would appear as $56¼. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) ordered all stock markets within the U.S. to convert to decimals by April 9, 2001. Prior to 2001, markets in the United States utilized fractions in price quotes. Since decimalization, all quotes appear in the decimal trading format.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Decimal Trading'

Decimalization has led to tighter spreads since smaller price movements can be accounted for. For example, prior to decimalization, one-sixteenth (1/16) of $1 was the minimum price movement represented in a price quote (this is equal to $0.0625).

With decimalization, the minimum price movement is 1 cent for stocks over $1, providing a greater number of price levels and allowing for tighter spreads between the bid and the ask levels for trading instruments.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Quoted Price

    The most recent price at which an investment (or any other type ...
  2. Ask

    The price a seller is willing to accept for a security, also ...
  3. Decimalization

    A system where security prices are quoted using a decimal format ...
  4. Bid-Ask Spread

    The amount by which the ask price exceeds the bid. This is essentially ...
  5. Bid

    1. An offer made by an investor, a trader or a dealer to buy ...
  6. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Why would a corporation issue convertible bonds?

    A convertible bond represents a hybrid security that has bond and equity features; this type of bond allows the conversion ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between shares outstanding and floating stock?

    Shares outstanding and floating stock are different measures of the shares of a particular stock. Shares outstanding is the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between market risk premium and equity risk premium?

    The only meaningful difference between market-risk premium and equity-risk premium is scope. Both terms refer to the same ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between the QQQ ETF and other indexes?

    QQQ, previously QQQQ, is unlike indexes because it is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that tracks the Nasdaq 100 Index. The ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between an investment and a retail bank?

    The activities and types of clients for an investment bank versus those for a retail bank highlight the primary difference ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Will technology ever disrupt the role of the custodian bank?

    Custodian banks, along with other financial institutions that hold custodian accounts, are likely to be disrupted but not ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Understanding The Ticker Tape

    We explain the meaning and use of that reel of symbols whizzing across your TV or computer screen.
  2. Investing Basics

    Earn More Profit With Less Trading

    Avoiding overtrading can save your money and your sanity. Find out how to slow your turnover and build your profits.
  3. Trading Strategies

    Introduction To Trading: Scalpers

    This type of trader makes many trades per day to "scalp" a small profit from each trade. Find out how it works.
  4. Term

    How Equity Capital Markets Work

    An equity capital market is a market existing between companies and financial institutions that raises money for the companies.
  5. Investing Basics

    List of the Major Stock Exchanges in the Caribbean

    Though the Caribbean is well-known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant music, it has an emerging capital market that should not be ignored.
  6. Investing Basics

    Understanding NASDAQ

    NASDAQ is an acronym that stands for the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system.
  7. Investing Basics

    Explaining the Equity Market

    Equity market is a general term referring to a place were corporate stocks are sold.
  8. Economics

    Is The Yuan The New Greenback?

    China is increasingly top of mind for investors. While bulls see an opportunity in a massive equity rally, bears are focused on a slowing economy.
  9. Economics

    Why To Pay Attention To Today’s Buyback Boom

    There has been a lot of debate recently about whether today’s buyback boom, $133 billion for S&P companies, is good or bad for the economy and for markets.
  10. Forex

    Capital And Labor: Who Wins The Trans-Pacific Partnership?

    With President Obama securing fast track authority on the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the benefits for labor and capital can be examined.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  2. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  3. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  4. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  5. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  6. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!