Deferred Tax Asset

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Deferred Tax Asset'

Deferred tax assets are created due to taxes paid or carried forward but not yet recognized in the income statement. Its value is calculated by taking into account financial reporting standards for book income and the jurisdictional tax authority's rules for taxable income. For example, deferred tax assets can be created due to the tax authority recognizing revenue or expenses at different times than that of an accounting standard. This asset helps in reducing the company’s future tax liability. It is important to note that a deferred tax asset will only be recognized when the difference between the loss-value or depreciation of the asset is expect to offset future profit.

Reasons deferred tax assets arise include:

  • Expenses are recognized in the income statement before they are required to be recognized by the taxing authority
  • Revenue is subject to taxes before it is taxable in the income statement
  • The tax base or tax rules for assets and / or liabilities are different

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Deferred Tax Asset'

For example, a computer manufacturing company estimates based on previous lines of production that the probability a computer will be sent back for warranty repairs in the next year is 2% out of the total production. If the company's total revenue in year 1 is $3,000 and the warranty expense is $60 (2% * $3,000) then the company's taxable income is $2,940. However most tax authorities do not allow companies to deduct expenses based on expected warranties, thus the company would actually require to pay taxes on the full $3,000. 

If the tax rate for the company is 30% then:

The difference of $18 ($900 - $ 882) between the taxes payable in the income statement and the taxes payable to the tax authority is considered the deferred tax asset. 

VIDEO

Loading the player...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Tax Deduction

    A deduction from gross income that arises due to various types ...
  2. Accrual Accounting

    An accounting method that measures the performance and position ...
  3. Accounts Receivable - AR

    Money owed by customers (individuals or corporations) to another ...
  4. Internal Revenue Service - IRS

    A United States government agency that is responsible for the ...
  5. Taxable Income

    The amount of income that is used to calculate an individual's ...
  6. Asset

    1. A resource with economic value that an individual, corporation ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How is a deferred tax asset taxed?

    With deferred tax assets, taxes have been paid or carried forward but not yet recognized as a normal asset by the firm in ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Professionals

    Deferred Tax Asset

    A Deferred Tax Asset is an asset on a company’s balance sheet that may be used to reduce taxable income. It is the opposite of a deferred tax liability, which describes something that will increase ...
  2. Taxes

    After-Tax Balance Rules For Retirement Accounts

    Accumulating post-tax assets can work to your advantage. Find out how.
  3. Investing

    Zooming In On Net Operating Income

    NOI is a long-run profitability measure that smart investors can count on.
  4. Markets

    Introduction To Fundamental Analysis

    Learn this easy-to-understand technique of analyzing a company's financial statements and reports.
  5. Investing Basics

    What are Financial Statements?

    Financial statements are a picture of a company’s financial health for a given period of time at a given point in time. The statements provide a collection of data about a company’s financial ...
  6. Investing

    What's a Debit Note?

    A debit note is a document used by a seller to inform a purchaser of a dollar amount owed. As the name indicates, it is a note from the seller that a debit has been made to the purchaser’s account. ...
  7. Investing

    What's Capitalization?

    Capitalization has different meanings depending on the context.
  8. Investing

    Deferred Tax Liability

    Deferred tax liability is a tax that has been assessed or is due for the current period, but has not yet been paid. The deferral arises because of timing differences between the accrual of the ...
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    The Best 5 Online Accounting Systems For Small Business

    Running a small business can be difficult, but thanks to these online accounting services, taking care of payroll doesn't have to be.
  10. Taxes

    Taxes: H&R Block Vs. TurboTax Vs. Jackson Hewitt

    There are more and more tax services to help ease the pain of filing income taxes. Here's our take on three of the biggest.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Risk Averse

    A description of an investor who, when faced with two investments with a similar expected return (but different risks), will ...
  2. Fixed-Charge Coverage Ratio

    A ratio that indicates a firm's ability to satisfy fixed financing expenses, such as interest and leases. It is calculated ...
  3. Efficiency Ratio

    Ratios that are typically used to analyze how well a company uses its assets and liabilities internally. Efficiency Ratios ...
  4. Fixed Cost

    A cost that does not change with an increase or decrease in the amount of goods or services produced. Fixed costs are expenses ...
  5. Subsidy

    A benefit given by the government to groups or individuals usually in the form of a cash payment or tax reduction. The subsidy ...
  6. Sunk Cost

    A cost that has already been incurred and thus cannot be recovered. A sunk cost differs from other, future costs that a business ...
Trading Center