DEFINITION of 'Delta Spread'
An options trading strategy where the trader initially establishes a delta neutral position. The trader creates this delta neutral position by simultaneously buying and selling options in proportion to the neutral ratio. Using a delta spread, a trader usually expects to make a small profit if the underlying security does not change widely in price. However, larger gains or losses are possible if the underlying security's prices changes significantly in either direction.
BREAKING DOWN 'Delta Spread'
The most commonly discussed delta spread is a calendar spread. The calendar spread involves constructing a delta neutral position using options with different expiration dates. In the simplest example, a trader will simultaneously sell nearmonth call options and buy call options with a later expiration in proportion to their neutral ratio. Since the position is delta neutral, the trader should not experience gains or losses from small prices moves in the underlying security. Rather, the trader expects the price to remain unchanged, and as the near month calls lose time value and expire, the trader can sell the call options with longer expiration dates and hopefully net a profit.

Delta Neutral
A portfolio consisting of positions with offsetting positive ... 
Delta
The ratio comparing the change in the price of the underlying ... 
Gamma Neutral
A method of managing risk in options trading by establishing ... 
Delta Hedging
An options strategy that aims to reduce (hedge) the risk associated ... 
DeltaGamma Hedging
An options hedging strategy that combines a delta hedge and a ... 
Futures Equivalent
The number of futures contracts needed to be associated with ...

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What are common delta hedging strategies?
Learn about common delta hedging strategies, including how to make a position in options delta neutral by offsetting risk ... Read Answer >> 
Why does delta only range from 1 to 1?
Learn what the option Greek delta is, what affects the value of delta for an option and why the delta of an option can only ... Read Answer >> 
How can you use delta to determine how to hedge options?
Learn what delta is, how to use delta to hedge options and how to maintain a deltaneutral position by deltahedging options ... Read Answer >> 
What does it mean to say that a straddle is "delta neutral?"
Learn what the option Greek delta is and what makes a deltaneutral position, and see an example illustrating a deltaneutral ... Read Answer >> 
What are the limitations of using delta to hedge options?
Learn about the delta of an option, how to delta hedge an option position and the limitations of using delta to hedge an ... Read Answer >> 
What industries typically use delta hedging techniques?
Learn what industries use delta hedging techniques for options trading, and understand how delta neutral trading strategies ... Read Answer >>