Depreciation Recapture

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Depreciation Recapture'

The gain received from the sale of depreciable capital property that must be reported as income. Depreciation recapture is assessed when the tax basis of an asset exceeds the sale price. The difference between these figures is thus "recaptured" by being reported as income.

Depreciation recapture is reported on Form 4797.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Depreciation Recapture'

When property is depreciated, the basis of the property is reduced by the amount of depreciation taken. If the sale price is larger than amount of depreciation that has been taken, the difference will be reported as either ordinary income or capital gain, depending on the type of property that is sold.

For example, suppose that Frank buys business equipment for $10,000 and uses it for eight years. The total depreciation deduction is $6,000. Then he sells the equipment for $6,000. He must declare a "recaptured" gain of $2,000, the difference between the actual sales price and the depreciated tax basis of $4,000 ($10,000-$6,000).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Unit of Production Method

    A depreciation procedure used for property that is not in continuous ...
  2. Sum-Of-The-Years' Digits

    An accelerated method for calculating an asset's depreciation. ...
  3. Depreciation

    1. A method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its ...
  4. Capital Asset

    A type of asset that is not easily sold in the regular course ...
  5. Capital Gain

    1. An increase in the value of a capital asset (investment or ...
  6. Ordinary Income

    Income received that is taxed at the highest rates, or ordinary ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between amortization and depreciation?

    Because very few assets last forever, one of the main principles of accrual accounting requires that an asset's cost be proportionally ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How can I find net margin by looking a company's financial statements?

    In finance and accounting, financial statements represent the fundamental means of analyzing a company's financial position, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What can working capital turnover ratios tell a trader?

    A company's working capital turnover ratio is traditionally positively correlated with business performance. A high, or better ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What metrics can be used when evaluating a telecommunications company to ensure its ...

    Cash flow analysis has been transformed since the widespread introduction of statements of cash flow, and investors have ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the average price-to-earnings ratio in the retail sector?

    According to NYU's Stern School of Business, as of January 2015, using trailing 12-month data, the average price-to-earnings ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the formula for calculating free cash flow in Excel?

    Free cash flow (FCF) is used in fundamental analysis to measure the amount of cash a company generates, after accounting ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading

    An Introduction To Depreciation

    Companies make choices and assumptions in calculating depreciation, and you need to know how these affect the bottom line.
  2. Forex Education

    Depreciation: Straight-Line Vs. Double-Declining Methods

    Appreciate the different methods used to describe how book value is "used up".
  3. Taxes

    Avoid Capital Gains Tax On Your Home Sale

    If you have property to sell and want to avoid capital gains tax, a Section 1031 exchange may be the answer.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding Consolidated Financial Statements

    Consolidated financial statements are the combined financial statements of a parent company and its subsidiaries.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Common Size Income Statement

    A common size income statement expresses each account as a percentage of net sales.
  6. Economics

    Understanding Historical Cost

    Historical cost equals the original purchase price of an asset recorded on a company’s balance sheet.
  7. Economics

    What's Recorded in a Cash Book?

    A cash book is an accounting book that records all cash receipts and cash payments before they’re recorded in a business’s general ledger.
  8. Economics

    Explaining Capital Reserve

    Capital reserve is an account on a company’s or municipality’s balance sheet that is dedicated to money reserved for long-term or large-scale projects.
  9. Economics

    Understanding Capital Investment

    Capital investment is a term that describes a company’s expenditures for long-term assets used in the operation of its business.
  10. Economics

    Understanding Vertical Analysis

    In vertical analysis, each line item on a company’s financial statements is presented as a percentage of a larger number.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  2. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  3. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  4. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
  5. Touchline

    The highest price that a buyer of a particular security is willing to pay and the lowest price at which a seller is willing ...
  6. Himalayan Option

    An exotic equity option belonging to a class known as mountain range options. Himalayan options are based on a basket of ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!