Discount Window

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Discount Window'

Credit facilities in which financial institutions go to borrow funds from the Federal Reserve. These loans, which are priced at the discount rate, are often structured as secured loans to alleviate pressure in reserve markets. It helps to reduce liquidity problems for banks and assists in assuring the basic stability of financial markets.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Discount Window'

The Federal Reserve has 3 rates that it charges financial institutions for using the discount window. The primary credit rate is a short-term rate charged for the most financially secure financial institutions. The secondary credit rate is a short rate that is charged for financial institutions that do not qualify for the primary rate. The seasonal credit rate is charged for debt obligations that last up to 9 months.

The Federal Reserve may lower the discount rate and/or make temporary changes to the terms of the loans in order to make the discount window a more attractive source for financial institutions to borrow from in times of financial distress.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Discount Rate

    The interest rate charged to commercial banks and other depository ...
  2. Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial ...
  3. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds ...
  4. Federal Reserve Credit

    Refers to the process of the Federal Reserve lending funds on ...
  5. Federal Open Market Committee - ...

    The branch of the Federal Reserve Board that determines the direction ...
  6. Federal Reserve Board - FRB

    The governing body of the Federal Reserve System. The seven members ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Few organizations can move the market like the Federal Reserve. As an investor, it's important to understand exactly what the Fed does and how it influences the economy.
  2. Economics

    What's the highest year-over-year inflation rate in the history of the U.S.?

    Learn about periods with the highest inflation in U.S. history and the mandated role of the U.S. Federal Reserve in controlling inflation.
  3. Quantitative easing in Europe is coming, but too slowly to avert a severe slowdown and perhaps even a hard landing.
    Economics

    How Is Europe Affecting The Martkets?

    Quantitative easing in Europe is coming, but too slowly to avert a severe slowdown and perhaps even a hard landing.
  4. Economics

    What are the main components of the Federal Reserve's balance sheet?

    Find out which items are listed as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet of the Federal Reserve, and how to read the Fed's weekly financial report.
  5. Investing Basics

    What's the lowest year-over-year inflation rate in the history of the U.S.?

    Learn about years with the lowest year-over-inflation in U.S. history. Read about how inflation is calculated using the consumer price index or estimates of it.
  6. Economics

    How do leverage ratios help to regulate how much banks lend or invest?

    Learn what leverage ratios mean for banks, how regulators restrict leverage, and what impact ratios have on a bank's ability to lend or invest.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What methods can the government use to control inflation?

    Find out what inflation is, what a government can do to control it, and how the results of those actions help or hurt the economy overall.
  8. Bonds & Fixed Income

    End of Fed's Bond-Buying Program: 7 Things To Know

    This article helps investors understand the economic and financial effects that result when a central bank (like the Fed) ends its bond purchase program.
  9. Economics

    Understanding The Treasury Yield Curve Rates

    Treasury yield curves are a leading indicator for the future state of the economy and interest rates.
  10. Personal Finance

    How Online Banking Evolved Into A Financial Tool

    While today’s online banking is filled with amazing innovations, there was once a time when all banking was conducted at an actual financial institution.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often ...
  2. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  3. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  4. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  5. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  6. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
Trading Center