Discount Window

What is a 'Discount Window'

A discount window refers to credit facilities in which financial institutions go to borrow funds from the Federal Reserve. These loans, which are priced at the discount rate, are often structured as secured loans to alleviate pressure in reserve markets. It helps to reduce liquidity problems for banks and assists in assuring the basic stability of financial markets.

BREAKING DOWN 'Discount Window'

The Federal Reserve has 3 rates that it charges financial institutions for using the discount window. The primary credit rate is a short-term rate charged for the most financially secure financial institutions. The secondary credit rate is a short rate that is charged for financial institutions that do not qualify for the primary rate. The seasonal credit rate is charged for debt obligations that last up to 9 months.

The Federal Reserve may lower the discount rate and/or make temporary changes to the terms of the loans in order to make the discount window a more attractive source for financial institutions to borrow from in times of financial distress.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How does the Federal Reserve determine the discount rate?

    Learn about the several different kind of discount rates offered to banks and other depository institutions through the Federal ... Read Answer >>
  2. What are the arguments in favor of setting a low discount rate?

    Read about some of the macroeconomic explanations that are used to justify setting a low interest rate at the Federal Reserve's ... Read Answer >>
  3. What's the difference between the prime rate and the discount rate?

    Learn more about the prime rate and the discount rate and how the Federal Reserve uses these rates in the U.S. economy. Explore ... Read Answer >>
  4. How does the Federal Reserve's set discount rate affect my personal finances?

    Discover how the Federal Reserve implements its chosen monetary policy through its discount rates, and how these actions ... Read Answer >>
  5. How do central banks impact interest rates in the economy?

    Learn how central banks such as the Federal Reserve influence monetary policy in the economy by increasing or decreasing ... Read Answer >>
  6. How does a high discount rate affect the economy?

    Find out what would happen if the Federal Reserve decided to set a very high discount rate, the rate at which banks can borrow ... Read Answer >>
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