Dividend Arbitrage


DEFINITION of 'Dividend Arbitrage'

An options trading strategy that involves purchasing put options and an equivalent amount of underlying stock before the ex-dividend date and then exercising the put after collecting the dividend. When used on a security with low volatility (causing lower options premiums) and a high dividend, dividend arbitrage can create profits while assuming very low to no risk.

BREAKING DOWN 'Dividend Arbitrage'

For example, suppose that stock XXX is trading at $50 and is paying a $2 dividend in one week's time. A put option with expiry three weeks from now and a strike price of $60 is selling for $11. A trader wishing to structure a dividend arbitrage can purchase one contract for $1,100 and 100 shares for $5,000, for a total cost of $6,100. In one week's time, the trader will collect the $200 in dividends and the put option to sell the stock for $6,000. The total earned from the dividend and stock sale is $6,200, for a profit of $100.

  1. Dividend

    A distribution of a portion of a company's earnings, decided ...
  2. Gross Dividends

    Similar in concept to gross income, gross dividends are the sum ...
  3. Cum Dividend

    When a buyer of a security is entitled to receive a dividend ...
  4. Put Option

    An option contract giving the owner the right, but not the obligation, ...
  5. Arbitrage

    The simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset in order to profit ...
  6. Ex-Dividend

    A classification of trading shares when a declared dividend belongs ...
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