Dollar Roll

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Dollar Roll'

A type of repurchase transaction in the mortgage pass-through securities market in which the buy side trade counterparty of a "to be announced" (TBA) trade agrees to a sell off the same TBA trade in the current month and to a buy back the same trade in a future month at a lower price.


In a dollar roll, the buy side trade counterparty gets to invest the funds that otherwise would have been required to settle the buy trade in the current month until the agreed upon future buy-back. The sell side trade counterparty benefits by not having to deliver the pass-through securities (which they might otherwise have shorted or committed to another trade) in the current month.


INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Dollar Roll'

The price difference between months is known as the drop. When the drop becomes very large, the dollar roll is said to be "on special". This might happen for several reasons, including large collateralized mortgage obligation deals that increase the demand for mortgage pass-through securities, or unexpected fallout of mortgage closings in a mortgage originator's pipeline. In both cases, financial institutions might have more sell trades in the current month than they are able to deliver securities into, forcing them to "roll" those trades into a future month. The greater the shortage of available securities in the current month, the larger the drop becomes.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Collateralized Mortgage Obligation ...

    A type of mortgage-backed security in which principal repayments ...
  2. Repurchase Agreement - Repo

    A form of short-term borrowing for dealers in government securities. ...
  3. To Be Announced - TBA

    A term used to describe a forward mortgage-backed securities ...
  4. Mortgage-Backed Security (MBS)

    A type of asset-backed security that is secured by a mortgage ...
  5. Pass-Through Security

    A pool of fixed-income securities backed by a package of assets. ...
  6. Reverse Repurchase Agreement

    The purchase of securities with the agreement to sell them at ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) priced?

    The price of an American depositary receipt (ADR) is determined by the bank or other financial institution that issues it. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is a 'busted' convertible bond?

    In finance, a convertible bond represents a hybrid security that offers debt and equity features and risks. While a convertible ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) exchanged?

    American depositary receipts (ADRs) are bought and sold on regular U.S. stock exchanges, either in the over-the-counter market ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Who or what is backing municipal bonds?

    Municipal bonds are backed by dedicated taxes or revenue sources related to specific projects, or by the full faith and credit ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the differences between debt and equity markets?

    The basic differences between the debt and equity markets include the type of financial interest they represent, the way ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What does it signify if the term structure of an interest rate's curve is positive?

    When the term structure of interest rates is positive, it is a signal to economists the short-term yields on similar bonds ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Profit From Mortgage Debt With MBS

    Mortgage-backed securities can offer monthly income, a fixed interest rate and even government backing.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Bond Market: A Look Back

    Find out how fixed-income investments evolved in the past century and what it means today.
  3. Investing Basics

    Bitcoin ETFs: How Do They Work?

    ETFs offer a cost-effective, safe and hassle-free way to invest and trade bitcoins as stocks, without worrying about the security of digital wallets.
  4. Investing Basics

    Should You Buy Vanguard’s New Liquid Alts?

    An alternative strategies fund by Vanguard? We examine this new actively managed offering by the world's largest mutual fund provider.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Vanguard Total Bond Market

    Learn about the Vanguard Total Bond Market exchange-traded fund, its primary portfolio holdings and risk/reward profile based on its past performance.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 ETFS for Investing in Germany

    Discover why Germany is considered an economic powerhouse in the eurozone, and learn about the three ETFs that provide investors exposure to Germany’s economy.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What are Floating-Rate Notes?

    A floating-rate note is a debt instrument with an interest rate that “floats,” or varies. They are also called floaters.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 ETFs For Investing in Brazil

    Discover information and analysis of some of the most popular and best performing exchange-traded funds that offer investors exposure to Brazil.
  9. Investing

    Where Are Real Estate Stocks Heading?

    We summarize five economic reports that investors should monitor monthly to keep them informed of where real estate and its related stocks are heading.
  10. Investing

    Looking for Alternatives to Invest in Real Estate?

    There are several ways to invest in “real estate” via the stock market, buying stocks and hold them for years. We give you 5 ways to invest in real estate.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  2. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  3. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  4. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  5. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  6. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!