Donee Beneficiary

DEFINITION of 'Donee Beneficiary'

A person who is considered a non-party in a contract but still receives a benefit from the completion of the contract. A donee beneficiary could also be the third party that benefits from a donation or gift. For example, Sam (donor) promises to gift a gold watch to Phil (donee). To get this watch Sam will buy it from Mike (third party). In this case, Mike is the donee beneficiary in Sam and Phil's exchange. If Sam went back on his promise, Mike would not sell the watch. Mike benefits but is not actually part of the contract.

Also known as a third party beneficiary.

BREAKING DOWN 'Donee Beneficiary'

A donee beneficiary has no rights to their benefits if they do not know that a contract exists. But the donee beneficiary has a right to file for damages if he/she has vested. For example, if the donor beneficiary knows about the contract and acts on it (in the example above, Mike might build the gold watch), he/she can sue the purchaser if they cancel the contract.