Double Entry

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Double Entry'

The fundamental concept underlying present-day bookkeeping and accounting. Double entry accounting is based on the fact that every financial transaction has equal and opposite effects in at least two different accounts. It is used to satisfy the equation Assets = Liabilities + Equity, whereby each entry is recorded so as to maintain the relationship.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Double Entry'

In the double entry system, transactions are recorded in terms of debits and credits. Since a debit in one account will be offset by a credit in another account, the sum of all debits must therefore be exactly equal to the sum of all credits. The double-entry system of bookkeeping or accounting makes it easier to accurately prepare financial statements directly from the books of account and detect errors.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Zero-Proof Bookkeeping

    A manual bookkeeping procedure in which posted entries are systematically ...
  2. Financial Statements

    Records that outline the financial activities of a business, ...
  3. Accounting Principles

    The rules and guidelines that companies must follow when reporting ...
  4. Accrual Accounting

    An accounting method that measures the performance and position ...
  5. Transaction

    1. An agreement between a buyer and a seller to exchange goods, ...
  6. Journal

    1. In accounting, a first recording of financial transactions ...
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Ancient Accounting Systems

    Learn how accounting evolved to keep records of increasingly complex transactions and civilizations.
  2. Investing

    How does accrual accounting differ from cash basis accounting?

    The main difference between accrual and cash basis accounting is the timing of when revenue and expenses are recognized. The cash method is most used by small businesses and for personal finances. ...
  3. Forex

    Does the balance sheet always balance?

    Yes, a balance sheet should always balance. The name "balance sheet" is based on the fact that assets will equal liabilities and equity every time. The assets on the balance sheet consist of ...
  4. Investing

    Why do accountants use debits and credits instead of simple pluses and minuses? Why is the notation ...

    Debits and credits, and the technique of double-entry accounting, are credited (no pun intended) to a Franciscan monk by the name of Luca Pacioli. Known as the "Father of Accounting", he warned ...
  5. Investing

    Given a good bookkeeping system, would financial accounting be necessary?

    Bookkeeping and financial accounting may seem like they are new creations, but variations have been around for millennia. The first record keeping systems, according to some, originated in about ...
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between a capital gearing ratio and a net gearing ratio?

    Understand the definition of gearing in the finance industry, the difference between net gearing and capital gearing ratios and how they are interpreted.
  7. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between the gearing ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio?

    Dive deeper into gearing ratios: what are they, how are they used and why the debt to equity ratio is one of the most popular analytical gearing tools.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and DSCR?

    Understand the basics of the interest coverage ratio and the debt-service coverage ratio, including calculations and how each type reflects financial stability.
  9. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between interest coverage ratio and TIE?

    Read about the times interest earned, also known as the interest coverage ratio. Find out why this is an important ratio for investors and creditors.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is accrual accounting used for in finance?

    Read about the accrual method of accounting, its uses and rules, and why it is considered so important for investors, lenders and managers.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  2. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  3. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  4. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  5. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  6. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
Trading Center