Dual Currency Swap

DEFINITION of 'Dual Currency Swap'

A currency swap used to hedge the risk associated with the issuance of a dual currency bond. A dual currency swap allows the bond issuer to repay the principal and coupon in the base currency or another currency. Exchange rates are preset in dual currency swaps.




BREAKING DOWN 'Dual Currency Swap'

A dual currency swap is essentially a mirror of a dual currency bond; in a dual currency swap, the issuer exchanges a floating rate for a fixed one. The bond issuer is willing to take on the currency risk in order to lower borrowing costs by making payments in a currency other than the base currency.


For example, suppose that a company borrows $50 million to update a manufacturing facility. In order to reduce borrowing costs, the company enters into a dual currency swap involving euros. The company pays the swap counterparty the $50 million for the equivalent amount of euros, and receives interest payments in dollars at a fixed rate (which allow the company to service the bond). Upon the bond's maturity, the company receives the $50 million, and pays the counterparty the equivalent value in euros.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the benefits of engaging in a currency swap?

    Read about the benefits of engaging in a currency swap, such as when companies in different countries want to borrow funds ... Read Answer >>
  2. What are some risks a company takes when entering a currency swap?

    Read about the risks associated with performing a currency swap, including counterparty credit risk in the event that one ... Read Answer >>
  3. How can a company hedge with currency swaps?

    Read a brief overview of how currency swap exchanges function, why a swap bank is necessary, and how the parties involved ... Read Answer >>
  4. How do companies benefit from interest rate and currency swaps?

    An interest rate swap involves the exchange of cash flows between two parties based on interest payments for a particular ... Read Answer >>
  5. What would motivate an entity to enter into a swap agreement?

    Learn why parties enter into swap agreements to hedge their risks, and understand how the different legs of a swap agreement ... Read Answer >>
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    Read about interest rate swaps and why these transactions are performed by institutional actors in the bond market, not individual ... Read Answer >>
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