Dutch Tulip Bulb Market Bubble


DEFINITION of 'Dutch Tulip Bulb Market Bubble'

One of the most famous market bubbles of all time, which occurred in Holland during the early 1600s when speculation drove the value of tulip bulbs to extremes. At the height of the market, the rarest tulip bulbs traded for as much as six times the average person's annual salary.

BREAKING DOWN 'Dutch Tulip Bulb Market Bubble'

The tulip was brought to Europe in the middle of the sixteenth century from the Ottoman Empire. Holland's upper classes soon competed for the rarest bulbs as tulips became a status symbol.

By 1636, tulip bulbs were traded on the stock exchanges of numerous Dutch towns and cities, encouraging all members of society to speculate in the markets. Many people traded or sold possessions to participate in the tulip market mania. Like any bubble, it all came to an end in 1637, when prices dropped and panic selling began. Bulbs were soon trading at a fraction of what they once had, leaving many people in financial ruin.

  1. Bubble Company

    A company whose valuation greatly exceeds that suggested by its ...
  2. Tulipmania

    Tulipmania was the first major financial bubble. Investors began ...
  3. Mississippi Company

    An example of a famous speculative bubble that occurred from ...
  4. Sell-Off

    The rapid selling of securities, such as stocks, bonds and commodities. ...
  5. Crash

    A sudden and significant decline in the value of a market. A ...
  6. Bubble

    1. An economic cycle characterized by rapid expansion followed ...
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading Fundamentals

    An Introduction To Behavioral Finance

    Curious about how emotions and biases affect the market? Find some useful insight here.
  2. Active Trading Fundamentals

    How The Power Of The Masses Drives The Market

    Market psychology is an undeniably powerful force. Find out what you can do about it.
  3. Active Trading

    The Financial Markets: When Fear And Greed Take Over

    If these unpleasant emotions are allowed to influence your decision-making, they may cost you dearly.
  4. Economics

    Economic Meltdowns: Let Them Burn Or Stamp Them Out?

    Whether the Fed should intervene in market bubbles is up for debate. Learn about both sides here.
  5. Budgeting

    The Greatest Market Crashes

    From a tulip craze to a dotcom bubble, read the cautionary tales of the stock market's greatest disasters.
  6. Investing

    Why Is Financial Literacy and Education so Important?

    Financial literacy is the confluence of financial, credit and debt knowledge that is necessary to make the financial decisions that are integral to our everyday lives.
  7. Professionals

    10 Must Watch Documentaries For Finance Professionals

    Find out about some of the best documentaries that finance professionals can watch to gain a better understanding of their industry.
  8. Stock Analysis

    Why Is GE Selling Some of Its Subsidiaries?

    Learn why GE is selling off a substantial amount so it does not have to comply with increased government regulation in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis.
  9. Economics

    How Does the Puerto Rican Debt Crisis Affect the US?

    Learn about the specifics of the Puerto Rican debt crisis and why economists disagree on how significantly it could affect the United States.
  10. Professionals

    Holding Out for Capital Gains Could Be a Mistake

    Holding stocks for the sole purpose of avoiding short-term capital gains taxes may be a mistake, especially if all the signs say get out.
  1. Do negative externalities affect financial markets?

    In economics, a negative externality happens when a decision maker does not pay all the costs for his actions. Economists ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between disposable and discretionary income?

    According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, or BEA, disposable income is the amount of money an individual takes home after ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the major laws (acts) regulating financial institutions that were created ...

    Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, in conjunction with Congress, signed into law several major legislative responses ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the similarities and differences between the savings and loan (S&L) crisis ...

    The savings and loan crisis and the subprime mortgage crisis both began with banks creating new profit centers following ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What measures could the U.S. Government take to prevent another crisis similar to ...

    Some of the measures that the U.S. government can take to prevent another crisis similar to the savings and loan (S&L) ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Purchasing Power

    The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing ...
  2. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  3. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  4. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  5. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  6. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!