Economies of Scope

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Economies of Scope'

An economic theory stating that the average total cost of production decreases as a result of increasing the number of different goods produced.

VIDEO

Loading the player...

BREAKING DOWN 'Economies of Scope'

For example, McDonalds can produce both hamburgers and French fries at a lower average cost than what it would cost two separate firms to produce the same goods. This is because McDonalds hamburgers and French fries share the use of food storage, preparation facilities, and so forth during production.

Another example is a company such as Proctor & Gamble, which produces hundreds of products from razors to toothpaste. They can afford to hire expensive graphic designers and marketing experts who will use their skills across the product lines. Because the costs are spread out, this lowers the average total cost of production for each product.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Economies Of Scale

    The cost advantage that arises with increased output of a product. ...
  2. Pareto Analysis

    A technique used for decision making based on the Pareto Principle, ...
  3. Economics

    A social science that studies how individuals, governments, firms ...
  4. Black Money

    Money earned through any illegal activity controlled by country ...
  5. Horizontal Merger

    A merger occurring between companies in the same industry. Horizontal ...
  6. Factor Market

    A marketplace for the services of a factor of production.
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Explaining Economies of Scope

    Economies of scope is a theory that says that an increase in the variety of goods produced results in a decrease in the average cost of production.
  2. Economics

    Economics Basics

    Learn economics principles such as the relationship of supply and demand, elasticity, utility, and more!
  3. Economics

    What Are Economies Of Scale?

    Is bigger always better? Read up on the important and often misunderstood concept of economies of scale.
  4. Economics

    Understanding Organic Growth

    Organic growth is the increase in a company’s revenue and value due to internal operations.
  5. Economics

    Explaining Market Penetration

    Market penetration is the measure of how much a good or service is being used within a total potential market.
  6. Economics

    Calculating the Marginal Rate of Substitution

    The marginal rate of substitution determines how much of one good a consumer will give up to obtain extra units of another good.
  7. Economics

    Understanding Cost of Revenue

    The cost of revenue is the total costs a business incurs to manufacture and deliver a product or service.
  8. Stock Analysis

    5 Reasons Thoratec Corp. Keeps Impressing Investors

    Learn about Thoratec Corporation and its position in its industry. Understand five key factors why the company has impressed investors.
  9. Entrepreneurship

    Startup Analysis: How Much Is Palantir Worth?

    Learn about the private company Palantir, its valuation and how its valuation was derived. Understand how the company operates and if it deserves the valuation.
  10. Stock Analysis

    Jawbone: An IPO You Should Have on Your Radar

    Learn about the company Jawbone and how it has become successful with multiple product lines. Understand the benefits of investing in an IPO
RELATED FAQS
  1. How does a company decide whether it is in a position to diversify its offerings, ...

    A company decides whether it is in a position to diversify its offerings based on economies of scope through an analysis ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How can a nation adopt an export policy based on the economies of scope?

    A nation as a whole can adopt an export policy based on the economies of scope by focusing production on goods and services ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are some real-life examples of the economies of scope?

    Real-world examples of economies of scope can be seen in mergers and acquisitions (M&A), newly discovered uses of resource ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How valid is the notion of economies of scope?

    The concept of economies of scope is widely accepted in both managerial and theoretical economics. It proposes that it is ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between economies of scope and economies of scale?

    Economies of scope and economies of scale are two different economic concepts used to help cut a company's cost. Economies ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the key barriers to entry for companies in the electronics sector?

    The electronics industry includes consumer electronics, specialized electronics for other industries and component parts ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  2. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  3. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  4. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  5. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  6. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!