Electronic Benefit Transfer - EBT


DEFINITION of 'Electronic Benefit Transfer - EBT'

A system that allows state governments to provide and track benefits to authorized recipients via a plastic debit card. Common benefits provided via EBT are Food Stamps and Cash benefits. Recipients receive a plastic payment card with a magnetic strip and a PIN is issued. Cash benefits include State General Assistance, TANF (Temporary Aid for Needy Families) benefits and refugee benefits.

Cash and food stamp benefits are deposited into electronic benefit accounts which can be accessed using a Common Benefit Identification Card (CBIC) and Personal Identification Number (PIN). The Card can be used at EBT participating merchants and ATM machines and Point of Sale (POS) terminals throughout the state.

BREAKING DOWN 'Electronic Benefit Transfer - EBT'

As of 2008, Congress renamed the Food Stamp Program the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) has been adopted nationwide since 2004.

  1. Welfare

    A government program which provides financial aid to individuals ...
  2. National Automated Clearinghouse ...

    A non-profit membership association charged with overseeing the ...
  3. Electronic Payments Network - EPN

    An electronic automated clearing house (ACH) that serves as the ...
  4. Social Security Administration ...

    A U.S. government agency created in 1935 by President Franklin ...
  5. Automated Clearing House - ACH

    An electronic funds-transfer system run by the National Automated ...
  6. Crowding Out Effect

    An economic theory stipulating that rises in public sector spending ...
Related Articles
  1. Retirement

    Job Hunting: Higher Pay Vs. Better Benefits

    Focusing on salary may be a mistake. Find out which benefits have the highest long-run payoff.
  2. Retirement

    Maximize Your Social Security Benefits

    The plan's cost of living adjustments can provide protection against inflation.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETN Credit Risk May Outweigh Benefits For Some

    Exchange-traded notes have many benefits, but they may not be suited to risk-averse investors.
  4. Personal Finance

    Recession And Depression: They Aren't So Bad

    Financial downturns are part of the economic cycle and may have important long-term benefits.
  5. Professionals

    How Hard Is a Career Selling Life Insurance?

    Learn why selling life insurance is a difficult way to make a living, but also how agents who persevere are rewarded down the road with a strong passive income.
  6. Insurance

    Getting Life Insurance in Your 20s Pays Off

    Find out how Americans in their 20s can benefit from a well-thought-out life insurance policy, especially if they are able to build cash value for retirement.
  7. Insurance

    Using LinkedIn to Find Life Insurance Leads

    Learn how LinkedIn can help you generate leads as a life insurance agent, and understand the steps to turn your profile into a lead-generating machine.
  8. Retirement

    Why Are Annuities Important for Retirement?

    Understand how annuities work, and identify the benefits they provide for retirement, the most salient being a guaranteed income stream for life.
  9. Savings

    Become Your Own Financial Advisor

    If you have some financial know-how, you don’t have to hire someone to advise you on investments. This tutorial will help you set goals – and get started.
  10. Professionals

    How to Create a Retirement Co-Op in Your Community

    As the retirement boom continues, retirement co-ops are growing in popularity. Here's how to set one up in your community.
  1. What happens to a 529A account when the beneficiary dies?

    According to the Achieving a Better Life Experience Act of 2014 (ABLE Act), when the designated beneficiary of a 529A account ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can you have more than one 529A account?

    According to the Achieving a Better Life Experience Act of 2014 (ABLE Act), a disabled person can generally set up only one ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can I borrow from my annuity to put a down payment on a house?

    You can borrow from your annuity to put a down payment on a house, but be prepared to pay an assortment of fees and penalties. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are Cafeteria plans exempt from Social Security?

    Typically, qualified benefits offered through cafeteria plans are exempt from Social Security taxes. However, certain types ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the biggest disadvantages of annuities?

    Annuities can sound enticing when pitched by a salesperson who, not coincidentally, makes huge commissions selling them. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the risks of annuities in a recession?

    Annuities come in several forms, the two most common being fixed annuities and variable annuities. During a recession, variable ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Ex Works (EXW)

    An international trade term requiring the seller to make goods ready for pickup at his or her own place of business. All ...
  2. Letter of Intent - LOI

    A document outlining the terms of an agreement before it is finalized. LOIs are usually not legally binding in their entirety. ...
  3. Purchasing Power

    The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing ...
  4. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  5. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  6. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!