End To End


DEFINITION of 'End To End'

A term used in many business arenas referring to the beginning and end points of a method or service. End-to-end theory embraces the philosophy that eliminating as many middle layers or steps as possible will optimize performance and efficiency in any process.


An example of end-to-end processes include directly connecting buyers and sellers in the ecommerce arena or in manufacturing. This occurs when one company provides a service to another in which it manages all aspects of design and production of a particular product - end product directly to end user.

  1. Electronic Commerce - ecommerce

    A type of business model, or segment of a larger business model, ...
  2. Distribution Channel

    The chain of businesses or intermediaries through which a good ...
  3. Middleman

    A slang term for an intermediary in a transaction or process ...
  4. Bottleneck

    A point of congestion in a system that occurs when workloads ...
  5. Supply Chain

    The network created amongst different companies producing, handling ...
  6. Put-Call Parity

    A principle that defines the relationship between the price of ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Economic Indicators That Do-It-Yourself Investors Should Know

    Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Lowdown On No-Load Mutual Funds

    These funds let you cut out the middleman - and the fees.
  3. Retirement

    The Evolution Of Enterprise Risk Management

    This growing sector can tell you a lot about the companies you are investing in.
  4. Investing Basics

    What Does In Specie Mean?

    In specie describes the distribution of an asset in its physical form instead of cash.
  5. Economics

    Calculating Cross Elasticity of Demand

    Cross elasticity of demand measures the quantity demanded of one good in response to a change in price of another.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Emerging Markets: Analyzing Colombia's GDP

    With a backdrop of armed rebels and drug cartels, the journey for the Colombian economy has been anything but easy.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    Emerging Markets: Analyzing Chile's GDP

    Chile has become one of the great economic success stories of Latin America.
  8. Investing

    Watch Your Duration When Rates Rise

    While recent market volatility is leading investors to look for the nearest exit, here are some suggestions for bond exposure in attractive sectors.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Capital Flows

    The movement of money for investing, trade or business production, is commonly referred to as capital flows.
  10. Investing

    Yellow Light Trade Risk Management

    Being in the stock market for so long I tend to look at the world through the eyes of a trader, but how to decide when we are presented with two options?
  1. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How can I use a regression to see the correlation between prices and interest rates?

    In statistics, regression analysis is a widely used technique to uncover relationships among variables and determine whether ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do I calculate a modified duration using Matlab?

    The modified duration gauges the sensitivity of the fixed income securities to changes in interest rates. To calculate the ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do I calculate the rule of 72 using Matlab?

    In finance, the rule of 72 is a useful shortcut to assess how long it takes an investment to double given its annual growth ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I calculate the standard error using Matlab?

    In statistics, the standard error is the standard deviation of the sampling statistical measure, usually the sample mean. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I adjust the rule of 72 for higher accuracy?

    The rule of 72 refers to a time value of money formula that investors use to calculate how quickly an investment will double ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  2. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  3. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  4. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  5. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  6. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!