Equity-Linked Security - ELKS

DEFINITION of 'Equity-Linked Security - ELKS'

A hybrid debt instrument that is linked to the equity markets. Equity-linked securities can be in the form of a single stock, a group of stocks or an equity-based index, such as the S&P 500.

The return on investment is dependent upon the performance of the underlying equities that are linked to the security. This type of security will often offer a guarantee of principal plus perhaps a small gain in return for a reduced payout of equity gains.

BREAKING DOWN 'Equity-Linked Security - ELKS'

Equity-linked securities first appeared in the 1990s and have been offered in the form of annuities, mutual funds and CDs. Most equity-linked securities will limit the equity gains that their investors can realize, either in the form of a reduced percentage of gains (such as 70% of all gains with no limit), or an absolute cap (meaning that the investor gets 100% of the gain up to a certain amount each year in total return, such as 10%).

For example, an investor with a 70% cap will see $7,000 of gain from a $100,000 investment if the underlying equities post a 10% gain for the year. However, the same investor with the same investment amount in a security with a 10% cap will only see the first $10,000 of gain in a year even if the underlying equities rise by 50%.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Derivative

    A security with a price that is dependent upon or derived from ...
  2. Return On Investment - ROI

    A performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment ...
  3. Equity Linked Note - ELN

    An instrument whose return is determined by the performance of ...
  4. Index

    A statistical measure of change in an economy or a securities ...
  5. Equity Derivative

    A derivative instrument with underlying assets based on equity ...
  6. Underlying

    1. In derivatives, the security that must be delivered when a ...
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading

    What Is Market Efficiency?

    The efficient market hypothesis (EMH) suggests that stock prices fully reflect all available information in the market. Is this possible?
  2. Trading Strategies

    Enhance Your Portfolio With Active Equity

    This strategy provides the potential for larger returns while using less capital.
  3. Options & Futures

    Are Derivatives Safe For Retail Investors?

    These vehicles have gotten a bad rap in the press. Find out whether they deserve it.
  4. Options & Futures

    Hedge Funds Hunt For Upside, Regardless Of The Market

    Hedge funds seek positive absolute returns, and engage in aggressive strategies to make this happen.
  5. Retirement

    Index-Linked Certificates Of Deposit: Upside Potential, Low Risk

    Index-linked CDs generate returns similar to indexes, without the potential for loss.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Index Investing

    Get to know the most important market indices and the pros and cons of investing in them.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Invesco’s Top Funds for Retirement

    Here's a list of Invesco investments—retirement funds—that may work for you if you have the time to let them mature over the long term.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 4 Royce Funds for Retirement Diversification in 2016

    Discover four of The Royce Funds mutual funds suitable for diversifying retirement portfolios that focus on investing in small-cap companies.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 VALIC Funds for Retirement Diversification in 2016

    Learn about the VALIC fund family, its performance relative to its peers and the top three VALIC funds to consider for retirement diversification in 2016.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best T. Rowe Price Funds for Growth Investors in 2016 (TROW)

    Discover the four best mutual funds administered and managed by T. Rowe Price that specialize in investing in stocks of growth companies.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How liquid are BlackRock mutual funds? (BLK)

    BlackRock, Inc. (NYSE: BLK) mutual funds are very liquid, as are all mutual funds. An investor receives payment for a redemption ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is a derivative?

    A derivative is a contract between two or more parties whose value is based on an agreed-upon underlying financial asset, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Are target-date retirement funds good investments?

    The main benefit of target-date retirement funds is convenience. If you really don't want to bother with your retirement ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do mutual funds require a demat account?

    A dematerialized account enables electronic transfer of funds. The account is used so an investor does not need to hold the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Where else can I save for retirement after I max out my Roth IRA?

    With uncertainty about the sustainability of Social Security benefits for future retirees, a lot of responsibility for saving ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How liquid are Vanguard mutual funds?

    The Vanguard mutual fund family is one of the largest and most well-recognized fund family in the financial industry. Its ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Harry Potter Stock Index

    A collection of stocks from companies related to the "Harry Potter" series franchise. Created by StockPickr, this index seeks ...
  2. Liquidation Margin

    Liquidation margin refers to the value of all of the equity positions in a margin account. If an investor or trader holds ...
  3. Black Swan

    An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult ...
  4. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  5. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
Trading Center