Equity Swap

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DEFINITION of 'Equity Swap'

An exchange of cash flows between two parties that allows each party to diversify its income, while still holding its original assets. The two sets of nominally equal cash flows are exchanged as per the terms of the swap, which may involve an equity-based cash flow (such as from a stock asset) that is traded for a fixed-income cash flow (such as a benchmark rate), but this is not necessarily the case. Besides diversification and tax benefits, equity swaps also allow large institutions to hedge specific assets or positions in their portfolios.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Equity Swap'

Most equity swaps today are conducted between large financing firms such as auto financiers, investment banks and capital lending institutions. LIBOR rates are a common benchmark for the fixed income portion of equity swaps, which also tend to be held at intervals of one year or less, much like commercial paper.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What is a debt/equity swap?

    Occasionally, a company will need to undergo some financial restructuring to better position itself for long term success. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How are swap agreements financed?

    Since swap agreements involve the exchange of future cash flows and are initially set at zero, there is no real financing ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the risks involved with swaps?

    The main risks associated with interest rate swaps, which are the most common type of swap, are interest rate risk and counterparty ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can an investor make money from a decline in the electronics sector?

    Speculation methods, such as short selling, futures contracts and put options, offer investors a way to make money from a ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can an investor profit from a decline in the aerospace sector?

    Several forms of speculation enable investors to profit from a decline in the aerospace sector. Short selling aerospace stock ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are interest rate swaps on the OTC market?

    Interest rate swaps are agreements where counter parties agree to exchange interest rate cash flows based upon the difference ... Read Full Answer >>
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