Excess Crude Account

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Excess Crude Account'

A Nigerian government account used to save oil revenues above a base amount derived from a defined benchmark price. The Excess Crude Account was established in 2004, and its objective is primarily to protect planned budgets against shortfalls due to volatile crude oil prices. By delinking government expenditures from oil revenues, the Excess Crude Account aims to insulate the Nigerian economy from external shocks.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Excess Crude Account'

Surging crude oil prices led to the Excess Crude Account increasing almost four-fold, from $5.1 billion in 2005 to over $20 billion by November 2008, accounting for more than one-third of Nigeria's external reserves at that time. By June 2010, the account had fallen to less than $4 billion due to budget deficits at all levels of government in Nigeria and the steep drop in oil prices. In 2010, Nigeria's National Economic Council approved a plan to replace the Excess Crude Account with a national sovereign wealth fund.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Nigerian Barge Deal

    A 1999 agreement between Enron and Merrill Lynch in which Enron ...
  2. Organization Of Petroleum Exporting ...

    An organization consisting of the world's major oil-exporting ...
  3. Petrodollars

    The money earned from the sale of oil. The term "petrodollars" ...
  4. OPEC Basket

    A weighted average of oil prices collected from various oil producing ...
  5. Sovereign Wealth Fund - SWF

    Pools of money derived from a country's reserves, which are set ...
  6. NGN (Nigerian Naira)

    The currency abbreviation for the Nigerian naira (NGN), the currency ...
Related Articles
  1. Majority of Sovereign Wealth Funds are located in the Middle East.
    Investing Basics

    Sovereign Wealth Funds - Friend Or Foe?

    With $5.86 trillion in assets as of September 2013, SWFs have a great deal of clout in financial markets. But as the majority of SWFs are located in the Middle East and Asia, whether these largely ...
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    An Introduction To Sovereign Wealth Funds

    Countries use sovereign wealth funds to stabilize their economies, but these investments can lack transparency.
  3. Chart Advisor

    Cocoa Prices Setting Up For A Move Lower

    Cocoa prices have been trending lower over the past several months and the recent bearish crossover between the 50-day and 200-day moving averages suggest that the long-term downtrend is gaining ...
  4. Stock Analysis

    Breaking Down the Halliburton Baker Hughes Deal

    Halliburton is using a downturn to get bigger and stronger in the long term, and the company is getting Baker Hughes at a reasonable price as a result.
  5. Economics

    How Weak Oil Prices Affect Airline Profits

    Oil prices are a bit like the weather. This is an opportunity for airlines to invest the higher revenue back into the business.
  6. VelocityShares 3x Long Crude Oil ETN has the potential for huge returns, but there are several reasons why you might want to steer clear for now.
    Mutual Funds & ETFs

    A Leveraged Oil ETN For The Future (Just Not Now)

    VelocityShares 3x Long Crude Oil ETN has the potential for huge returns, but there are several reasons why you might want to steer clear for now.
  7. Economics

    Profiting From China's Breakout: The Right Funds

    China's prospects for growth, and for rewarding investments, can't be debated. Here are some worthwhile funds to invest in, and the smart way of doing it.
  8. Chart Advisor

    Commodities Set Up For A Continued Move Lower

    Commodities have been suffering since late summer, and unfortunately for the bulls it doesn’t appear that the situation is about to change anytime soon.
  9. Stock Analysis

    ConocoPhillips's Well-Oiled Profit Machine

    By focusing on upstream production and farming out subsequent links in the chain, ConocoPhillips maximizes profits in a very capital-intensive industry.
  10. What's a Multinational Corporation?
    Investing

    What's a Multinational Corporation?

    A multinational corporation is just that – a corporation that operates in multiple nations, with a home office that coordinates global management. Being a multinational corporation is a complicated ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  2. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  3. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  4. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  5. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  6. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
Trading Center