Face Value

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What is 'Face Value'

Face value is the nominal value or dollar value of a security stated by the issuer. For stocks, it is the original cost of the stock shown on the certificate. For bonds, it is the amount paid to the holder at maturity (generally $1,000). Also known as "par value" or simply "par."

BREAKING DOWN 'Face Value'

In bond investing, face value, or par value, is commonly referred to the amount paid to a bondholder at the maturity date, given the issuer doesn't default. However, bonds sold on the secondary market fluctuate with interest rates. For example, if interest rates are higher than the bond's coupon rate, then the bond is sold at a discount (below par). Conversely, if interest rates are lower than the bond's coupon rate, then the bond is sold at a premium (above par).

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    Learn about the difference between the par value and market value of financial securities, including the role they play in ... Read Answer >>
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    Find out why the selling price of a premium bond is always higher than its par value, including how changing interest rates ... Read Answer >>
  3. If the price of the bond falls, does that mean the company won't pay me the par value?

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