DEFINITION of 'Family And Medical Leave Act - FMLA'

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was signed into law on August 5, 1993 by President Bill Clinton. The FMLA is a labor law requiring larger employers to provide employees unpaid leave for serious health conditions, to care for a sick family member, or to care for a newborn or adopted child.

BREAKING DOWN 'Family And Medical Leave Act - FMLA'

An employee who takes unpaid leave that falls under the FMLA is job-protected; that is, the employee can return to the same position held before the leave began. If the same position is unavailable, the employer must provide a position that is substantially equal in pay, benefits and responsibility. To qualify for FMLA, an employee must be employed by a business with 50 or more employees within a 75 mile radius of his or her work site. The employee must have worked for the employer for at least 12 months and 1,250 hours within the last 12 months. The FMLA mandates unpaid, job-protected leave for up to 12 weeks a year.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Immediate Family

    A person's smallest family unit, consisting of the closest relatives, ...
  2. Dependent Care Benefits

    Benefits provided by an employer to an employee for use in caring ...
  3. Terms Of Employment

    The conditions that an employer and employee agree upon for a ...
  4. Special Employer

    An employer who receives an employee on loan from another business, ...
  5. General Employer

    An employer who loans an employee to another business, and who ...
  6. Constructive Discharge Claim

    An insurance claim made by an employee who has quit his or her ...
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    Sick Days: Protecting Your Job In A Health Crisis

    Know your rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act.
  2. Personal Finance

    The Purpose Of a FMLA Form

    Parsing the different types of paperwork that accompany a leave of absence under the Family Medical Leave Act.
  3. Retirement

    6 Benefits You're Required by Law to Offer Your Employees

    Learn about the benefits that a business must offer to employees, such as family and medical leave, as well as various forms of insurance coverage.
  4. Personal Finance

    How To Fill Out FMLA Forms

    Family Medical Leave Act paperwork may be onerous, but it can be key to getting that time off.
  5. Small Business

    Hiring? Regulations Small Businesses Need to Know

    When a small business becomes an employer, it has new responsibilities. Make sure you familiarize yourself with regulatory requirements.
  6. Small Business

    3 Reasons to Develop an Employee Handbook for Your Small Business

    Learn how a small business can benefit from an employee handbook covering labor laws, codes of conduct, leave policies and media relations.
  7. Managing Wealth

    7 HR Basics for Small Businesses

    Whether or not you are a fan of human resources, every employer needs to know the answers to these questions.
  8. Retirement

    U.S. Or Canada: Which Country Is Best To Call Home?

    There are unique benefits to living both above and below the 49th parallel. Find out which of these great nations best suits your value system.
  9. Financial Advisor

    Life Insurance Plans to Help Your Small Business Retain Employees

    How to use and design cash value life insurance plans as an incentive to help attract and retain key employees.
  10. Insurance

    Take Advantage Of Employer-Sponsored LTC Insurance

    Find out why 98% of employees are missing out on some great benefits.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Do unpaid medical bills appear on my credit report?

    Find out if an unpaid medical bill can be reported to a credit bureau, if it affects your credit score and when it is turned ... Read Answer >>
  2. Can LLCs have employees?

    Discover how limited liability corporations (LLC) can have an unlimited number of employees and the legal steps required ... Read Answer >>
  3. What are some examples of common fringe benefits?

    Learn how offering fringe benefits can be a strategic recruitment and retention tool for employers and drastically increase ... Read Answer >>
  4. Does technology follow the law of diminishing marginal returns?

    Learn how workers in the technology industry are affected by the law of diminishing marginal returns, and note the ways that ... Read Answer >>
  5. What is the best retirement plan option for a physician with her own practice, employees ...

    It is very unlikely that you will find a qualified plan or an IRA-based plan that will allow the employer to exclude other ... Read Answer >>
  6. What does a merger or acquisition mean for the target company's employees?

    Learn about the likely impacts of a mergers & acquisition deal on the target company's employees, their benefits and adjusting ... Read Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. 403(b) Plan

    A retirement plan for certain employees of public schools, tax-exempt organizations and certain ministers. Generally, retirement ...
  2. Master Of Business Administration - MBA

    A graduate degree achieved at a university or college that provides theoretical and practical training to help graduates ...
  3. Liquidity Event

    An event that allows initial investors in a company to cash out some or all of their ownership shares and is considered an ...
  4. Job Market

    A market in which employers search for employees and employees search for jobs. The job market is not a physical place as ...
  5. Yuppie

    Yuppie is a slang term denoting the market segment of young urban professionals. A yuppie is often characterized by youth, ...
  6. SEC Form 13F

    A filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), also known as the Information Required of Institutional Investment ...
Trading Center