Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage Association - FNMA

DEFINITION of 'Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage Association - FNMA'

A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) that was created in 1938 to expand the flow of mortgage money by creating a secondary mortgage market. Fannie Mae is a publicly traded company which operates under a congressional charter that directs Fannie Mae to channel its efforts into increasing the availability and affordability of homeownership for low-, moderate- and middle-income Americans.




BREAKING DOWN 'Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage Association - FNMA'

Fannie Mae purchases and guarantees mortgages that meet its funding criteria. Through this process it secures mortgages to form mortgage-backed securities (MBS). The market for Fannie Mae's MBS is extremely large and liquid. Pension funds, insurance companies and foreign governments are among the investors in Fannie Mae's MBS. In order to promote homeownership, Fannie Mae also holds a large portfolio of its own and other institution's MBSs, known as its retained portfolio. To fund this portfolio, Fannie Mae issues debt known in the market place as agency debt.

Fannie Mae's "little brother" is Freddie Mac. Together, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac purchase or guarantee between 40 to 60% of all mortgages originated in the United States annually, depending upon market conditions and consumer trends.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Did the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act contribute to the 2008 financial crisis?

    The repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act was a minor contributor to the financial crisis, if it contributed to the crisis at ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does FNMA stand for?

    FNMA is the acronym and the stock market symbol for the Federal National Mortgage Association, commonly called “Fannie Mae.” ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. If my mortgage lender goes bankrupt, do I still have to pay my mortgage?

    Yes, if your mortgage lender goes bankrupt you do still need to pay your mortgage obligation. Sorry to disappoint, but there ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are mortgage-backed securities backed by any guarantees?

    Actually, any mortgage-backed security (MBS) guarantee depends on who issued it. To review, an MBS is a security, created ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is a derivative?

    A derivative is a contract between two or more parties whose value is based on an agreed-upon underlying financial asset, ... Read Full Answer >>
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    Securitization is the process of taking an illiquid asset, or group of assets, and through financial engineering, transforming ... Read Full Answer >>
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