Federal Discount Rate

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DEFINITION of 'Federal Discount Rate'

The interest rate set by the Federal Reserve that is offered to eligible commercial banks or other depository institutions in an attempt to reduce liquidity problems and the pressures of reserve requirements. The discount rate allows the federal reserve to control the supply of money and is used to assure stability in the financial markets.

BREAKING DOWN 'Federal Discount Rate'

A decrease in the discount rate makes it cheaper for commercial banks to borrow money, which results in an increase in the supply of money in the economy. Conversely, a raised discount rate will make it more expensive for the banks to borrow, and would thereby decrease the money supply. Funds borrowed from the fed are processed through the discount window and the rate is reviewed every 14 days.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How does the Federal Reserve determine the discount rate?

    There are several different discount rates offered through the Federal Reserve system. Technically, discount rates are set ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Who determines interest rates?

    In countries using a centralized banking model, interest rates are determined by the central bank. In the first step of ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do central banks acquire currency reserves and how much are they required to ...

    A currency reserve is a currency that is held in large amounts by governments and other institutions as part of their foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
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    Contrary to conventional wisdom, the Federal Reserve is extensively audited. Politicians on the left and right of a populist ... Read Full Answer >>
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    The U.S. Treasury decides to print money in the United States as it owns and operates printing presses. However, the Federal ... Read Full Answer >>
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    The U.S. Constitution does not mention the need for a central bank, nor does it explicitly grant the government the power ... Read Full Answer >>

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