Federal Reserve System - FRS


DEFINITION of 'Federal Reserve System - FRS'

The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States.

BREAKING DOWN 'Federal Reserve System - FRS'

You can divide the Federal Reserve's duties into four general areas:

1. Conducting monetary policy
2. Regulating banking institutions and protecting the credit rights of consumers
3. Maintaining the stability of the financial system
4. Providing financial services to the U.S. government

  1. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board ...
  2. Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial ...
  3. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds ...
  4. Financial Obligation Ratio - FOR

    An estimate of the ratio of debt payments to disposable income. ...
  5. Bank of First Deposit - BOFD

    The bank where a check is initially deposited to an account. ...
  6. Reserve City Bank

    A bank that is found in any city that also has a Federal Reserve ...
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  1. Who determines the reserve ratio?

    The Federal Reserve of the United States of America is the regulatory entity that determines the reserve ratio, and therefore ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What's the lowest year-over-year inflation rate in the history of the U.S.?

    Lowest inflation may refer to years with the greatest deflation or the lowest amount of inflation above or equal to 0%. There ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Who decides to print money in Canada?

    In Canada, new money comes from two places: the Bank of Canada (BOC) and chartered banks such as the Toronto Dominion Bank ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Who decides when to print money in India?

    The Reserve Bank of India, or RBI, manages currency in India. The bank's additional responsibilities include regulating the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Is Japan an emerging market economy?

    Japan is not an emerging market economy. Emerging market economies are characterized by low per capita incomes, poor infrastructure ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How is the Federal Reserve audited?

    Contrary to conventional wisdom, the Federal Reserve is extensively audited. Politicians on the left and right of a populist ... Read Full Answer >>

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