Feed Ratio


DEFINITION of 'Feed Ratio'

The relationship between the price for which a unit of livestock can be sold in the commodities markets and the price of the food required to raise that unit to market weight. The feed ratio takes the market price of the animal at sale and divides it by the price of the food that the animal must consume. Examples include the hog-corn ratio and the steer-corn ratio. These ratios divide the hundredweight price of the animal by the bushel price of corn.


Feed ratios help farmers determine how much feed to produce and what to use it for. If 100 pounds of feed is more valuable than the livestock that can be raised with that feed, it makes more sense for the farmer to shift his production to sell more feed directly as a commodity and reduce his production of livestock. The reverse is also true - if livestock is relatively more valuable than feed, the farmer will shift more of his crop toward feeding animals.

  1. Futures Market

    An auction market in which participants buy and sell commodity/future ...
  2. Margin

    1. Borrowed money that is used to purchase securities. This practice ...
  3. Pork Bellies

    A cut of pork that comes from the belly of a pig. Pork bellies ...
  4. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with ...
  5. Commodity Futures Contract

    An agreement to buy or sell a set amount of a commodity at a ...
  6. Swap

    A derivative contract through which two parties exchange financial ...
Related Articles
  1. Sectors

    Sugar: A Sweet Deal For Investors

    From sugar beet to sugar cane, this sector is growing despite a lot of sour challenges.
  2. Forex Education

    Intermarket Relationships: Following The Cycle

    Find out how commodity, bond, stock and currency markets interact.
  3. Active Trading

    Learn To Corral The Meat Markets

    Find out how to trade these hog-wild commodities.
  4. Options & Futures

    Trading The Soft Commodity Markets

    Learn the contract specifications for a few of the most heavily traded commodities.
  5. Options & Futures

    Commodities That Move The Markets

    Find out how the everyday items you use can affect your investments.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Commodity Funds 101

    These funds make investing in gold, oil or grain an easier prospect.
  7. Insurance

    Futures Fundamentals

    For those who are new to futures but want a solid understanding of them, this tutorial explains what futures contracts are, how they work and why investors use them.
  8. Chart Advisor

    Copper Continues Its Descent

    Copper prices have been under pressure lately and based on these charts it doesn't seem that it will reverse any time soon.
  9. Stock Analysis

    What Exactly Does Warren Buffett Own?

    Learn about large changes to Berkshire Hathaway's portfolio. See why Warren Buffett has invested in a commodity company even though he does not usually do so.
  10. Markets

    Are EM Stocks Finally Emerging?

    Many investors are looking at emerging market (EM) stocks and wonder if it’s time to step back in, while others wonder if we’ll see further declines.
  1. Which mutual funds made money in 2008?

    Out of the 2,800 mutual funds that Morningstar, Inc., the leading provider of independent investment research in North America, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do hedge funds invest in commodities?

    There are several hedge funds that invest in commodities. Many hedge funds have broad macroeconomic strategies and invest ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can mutual funds invest in commodities?

    Mutual funds can invest in commodities. In fact, mutual funds may provide a better way for investors to gain exposure to ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  2. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  3. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  4. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  5. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  6. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
Trading Center