Fence (Options)


DEFINITION of 'Fence (Options)'

A fence or collar is an option strategy that establishes a trading band around a security or commodity, generally to protect profits. One form of a fence involves the sale of an out-of-the-money call option on an underlying security; all or part of the premium thus received is used to buy a protective out-of-the money put on the security. Both the call and the put have the same expiration date. The call option establishes a ceiling price for the security, while the put option establishes a floor price for it, effectively 'fencing' in the option.

BREAKING DOWN 'Fence (Options)'

A widely used variant of this option strategy involves a "costless collar," where the premium received through the sale of the call roughly equals the premium paid for the purchase of the put. The cost of protection in this case is therefore zero.

For example, an investor who wishes to construct a fence or collar around a stock in the portfolio that is trading at $50 could sell a call with a strike price of $53, and buy a put with a strike price of $47, both with, say, three months to expiration. If the premium received from the sale of the $53 call equals the premium paid for the $47 put, this would be a "costless collar", and "fence" in potential losses and profits.

  1. Collar

    1. A protective options strategy that is implemented after a ...
  2. Out Of The Money - OTM

    A call option with a strike price that is higher than the market ...
  3. Put Option

    An option contract giving the owner the right, but not the obligation, ...
  4. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position ...
  5. Call Option

    An agreement that gives an investor the right (but not the obligation) ...
  6. Risk

    The chance that an investment's actual return will be different ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Market Volatility Strategy: Collars

    Find out which protective or bullish collar will result in your optimal risk/return level.
  2. Options & Futures

    Using LEAPS With Collars

    This options strategy will help you lock in profit while keeping your upside potential.
  3. Options & Futures

    Don't Forget Your Protective Collar

    Guard your finances in uncertain times with a protective collar strategy, which provides short-term downside protection.
  4. Options & Futures

    Costless Collars: Because Asset Allocation Is Not Enough

    Collars are extremely flexible, and can be much more beneficial to your portfolio than asset allocation.
  5. Options & Futures

    Minimize Risk With The Long Collar

    Think your favorite stock is on the way down? This simple option-trading strategy can help you manage your risks without selling the stock.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Pre-Qualified Vs. Pre-Approved - What's The Difference?

    These terms may sound the same, but they mean very different things for homebuyers.
  7. Options & Futures

    Cyclical Versus Non-Cyclical Stocks

    Investing during an economic downturn simply means changing your focus. Discover the benefits of defensive stocks.
  8. Insurance

    Cashing in Your Life Insurance Policy

    Tough times call for desperate measures, but is raiding your life insurance policy even worth considering?
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Using Decision Trees In Finance

    A decision tree provides a comprehensive framework to review the alternative scenarios and consequences a decision may lead to.
  10. Options & Futures

    Understanding The Escrow Process

    Learn the 10 steps that lead up to closing the deal on your new home and taking possession.
  1. How do hedge funds use equity options?

    With the growth in the size and number of hedge funds over the past decade, the interest in how these funds go about generating ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are common delta hedging strategies?

    The term delta refers to the change in price of an underlying stock or exchange-traded fund (ETF) as compared to the corresponding ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I determine the breakeven point for a short put?

    The breakeven point for a short put is the strike price of the option minus the premium. Selling puts is a way for traders ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What options strategies are best suited for investing in the retail sector?

    Retail is a broad sector whose seven discrete segments all exhibit greater volatility than the broader market. The sector ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  2. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  3. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  4. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  5. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  6. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
Trading Center