Financial Accounting


DEFINITION of 'Financial Accounting'

The process of recording, summarizing and reporting the myriad of transactions from a business, so as to provide an accurate picture of its financial position and performance. The primary objective of financial accounting is the preparation of financial statements - including the balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement - that encapsulates the company's operating performance over a particular period, and financial position at a specific point in time. These statements - which are generally prepared quarterly and annually, and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) - are aimed at external parties including investors, creditors, regulators and tax authorities.


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BREAKING DOWN 'Financial Accounting'

The key difference between financial and managerial accounting is that financial accounting is aimed at providing information to parties outside the organization, whereas managerial accounting information is aimed at helping managers within the organization make decisions.

Mastery of financial accounting requires years of study and hands-on practice, and is signified by an accounting designation that depends on the jurisdiction. In the United States, the primary accounting designation is Certified Public Accountant (CPA). While in Canada, the main accounting designations are Chartered Accountant (CA), Certified General Accountant (CGA) and Certified Management Accountant (CMA). In the United Kingdom and India, Chartered Accountant (CA) is the primary financial accounting designation.

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  1. What are common concepts and techniques of managerial accounting?

    The common concepts and techniques of managerial accounting are all the concepts and techniques that surround planning and ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are common scenarios in which managerial accounting is appropriate?

    Common scenarios in which managerial accounting is appropriate are any situations in which a company competes in a fast-paced ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between managerial accounting and financial accounting?

    In simple terms, managerial accounting exists to help managers make internal decisions that affect an organization, whereas ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the justification for allowing deferred tax liabilities?

    A deferred tax liability tracks the temporary difference that arises between a company's income taxes that will be due in ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does financial accounting help decision making?

    There are three main areas where financial accounting helps decision making. It provides investors a baseline of analysis ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do investors and lenders benefit from financial accounting?

    Investors and lenders rely on financial accounting to obtain critical information about the financial health and risks of ... Read Full Answer >>
  7. How is an accrued interest entry made in accounting?

    In financial accounting, accrued interest is reported by borrowers and lenders. Borrowers list accrued interest as an expense ... Read Full Answer >>
  8. What are the objectives of financial accounting?

    Financial accounting is the process by which an organization's transactions are collected, measured, recorded and presented. ... Read Full Answer >>
  9. What does financial accounting focus on?

    The focus of financial accounting is on summarizing and reporting a business's financial position to entities outside the ... Read Full Answer >>
  10. Given a good bookkeeping system, would financial accounting be necessary?

    Bookkeeping and financial accounting may seem like they are new creations, but variations have been around for millennia. ... Read Full Answer >>

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